ElectionGudie

April 18, 1999 Held

32,656,070
Voted
Turkey

Republic of Turkey

Election for Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (Grand National Assembly of Turkey)

Results

83%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:32,656,070
Valid Votes:31,184,496
Invalid Votes:1,471,574

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Left Party 136 6,919,670

22.19%

Other parties and independent candidates 3 5,984,516

19.19%

Nationalist Movement Party 129 5,606,583

17.98%

Virtue Party 111 4,805,381

15.41%

Motherland Party 86 4,122,929

13.22%

True Path Party 85 3,745,417

12.01%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 550 seats in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Suleyman DEMIREL
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Mesut YILMAZ
  • Assembly: Turkey has a unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi) with 550 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by the National Assembly to serve a 7-year term.
  • In the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi) 550 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Democratic Left Party (DSP)
    • Leader: Bulent ECEVIT
    • Seats won in this election: 136
    • Seats won in last election: 76
  • Party: Nationalist Movement Party (MHP)
    • Leader: Devlet BAHCELI
    • Seats won in this election: 129
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Virtue Party (FP)***
    • Leader: Recai KUTAN
    • Seats won in this election: 111
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Motherland Party (ANAP)
    • Leader: Mesut YILMAZ
    • Seats won in this election: 86
    • Seats won in last election: 132
  • Party: True Path Party (DYP)
    • Leader: Tansu ILLER
    • Seats won in this election: 85
    • Seats won in last election: 135
  • Party: Other parties and independent candidates
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this election: 3
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

*** The Islamic-oriented Virtue Party is the successor to the Welfare Party (RP), which won 158 seats in the last parliametary election.

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held on December 24, 1995.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 64,566,511 (July 1998 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 37,495,217 (1999)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population:31,641,947 (1999)

·         Is Turkey a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Turkey ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (20 December 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No (there are some political parties that have adopted voluntary gender quotas)

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 23 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 72 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Turkey a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Turkey ratified CRPD: Yes (28 September 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 9,684,976 (est.)