ElectionGudie
Turkey

Republic of Turkey

80,694,485 7

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

81.52%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
Grand National Assembly of Turkey Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Assembly
President President Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Abdullah GÜL
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOĞAN
  • Assembly: Turkey has a unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) with 550 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.*
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) 550 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

* Candidates must be members of the Grand National Assembly supported by 20 of its members, or nominees by political parties that have attained more than 10 percent of votes in the last legislative election. Candidates must be 40 years of age and have completed higher education.

*** There are 79 MMD corresponding to the provinces. Each party must clear a national threshold of 10 percent and at least one D'Hondt quotient in the district from which it is elected. Additionally, a candidate may be seated only if his party is organized in one-third of districts within each of half of the provinces, and has nominated two candidates for each seat in at least half of provinces.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Grand National Assembly of Turkey 1999-04-18 32,656,070 37,495,217 87.09%
Grand National Assembly of Turkey 2002-11-03 32,661,123 41,133,105 79.4%
Grand National Assembly of Turkey 2007-07-22 36,059,293 42,799,303 84.25%
Referendum 2010-09-12 38,369,165 52,051,828 73.71%
Grand National Assembly of Turkey 2011-06-12 43,914,948 52,807,777 83.16%
President 2014-08-10 - - -
President 2014-08-24 - - -

Voter Turnout