ElectionGudie
Bolivia

Plurinational State of Bolivia

10,461,053 16

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

79.08%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of Government
Chamber of Deputies Camara de Diputados Lower House
President President Head of State
Chamber of Senators Camara de Senadores Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Juan Evo MORALES Ayma
  • Head of Government: President Juan Evo MORALES Ayma
  • Assembly: Bolivia has a bicameral Plurinational Assembly consisting of the Chamber of Senators with 36 seats and the Chamber of Deputies with 130 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Chamber of Senators 36 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies, 70 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms, 53 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 7 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Each of the nine Bolivian states elects four Senators. Allocation is by the D'Hondt method. (Before December 2009, there were three Senators per state, and no party could win more than two of the three seats in each.)

** PR seats are apportioned to each state in proportion to population, and these are allocated to parties in proportion to their respective shares of the Presidential vote in each state. Seven reserved indigenous seats are apportioned to non-contiguous, rural areas in seven of the nine states. Voters who declare themselves indigenous may vote for an indigenous deputy instead of in the regular, single-member district election.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Chamber of Deputies 2002-06-30 2,778,808 4,164,909 66.72%
Chamber of Senators 2002-06-30 - 4,164,909 -
President 2002-06-30 2,778,808 4,164,909 66.72%
Referendum 2004-07-18 2,678,449 4,458,293 60.08%
Chamber of Deputies 2005-12-18 3,102,417 3,671,152 84.51%
President 2005-12-18 3,102,417 3,671,152 84.51%
Chamber of Senators 2005-12-18 3,102,417 3,671,152 84.51%
Referendum 2006-07-02 3,138,324 3,713,376 84.51%
Referendum 2008-08-10 3,370,980 4,047,706 83.28%
Referendum 2009-01-25 3,511,681 3,891,316 90.24%
Chamber of Deputies 2009-12-06 3,610,737 5,139,554 70.25%
Chamber of Senators 2009-12-06 - 5,139,554 -
President 2009-12-06 4,859,440 5,139,554 94.55%
Chamber of Deputies 2014-10-05 - - -
President 2014-10-05 - - -
Chamber of Senators 2014-10-05 - - -

Voter Turnout