ElectionGudie
Kenya

Republic of Kenya

44,037,656 8

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

14,337,399 57.18%

Registered Voters (as of Dec. 1, 2012)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of Government
President President Head of State
National Assembly Lower House
Senate Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Uhuru KENYATTA *
  • Head of Government: President Uhuru KENYATTA **
  • Assembly: Kenya has a bicameral National Assembly (Bunge) consisting of the Senate with 67 seats and the National Assembly with 349 seats.

* To win outright in the first round, one must obtain a majority (50%+1 of the national vote), plus 25% of the vote in at least 50% of counties, which were introduced to decentralize power to the local level and better facilitate people's representation.

** President is both head of state and head of government. The post of Prime Minister was abolished after the 2013 elections.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by qualified majority vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate 67 members are elected by qualified plurality vote to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly 349 members are elected by qualified plurality vote to serve 5-year terms.**

* Kenya's 2010 Constitution introduced a Senate directly elected by the 47 single-member districts or counties. Each county has an elected executive and county assembly. On top of these 47 seats, 16 women must be nominated by political parties, according to their proportion of members in the Senate. Additionally, 2 members (1 man and 1 woman) representing the youth must be elected proportionally through party lists, and 2 members (1 man and 1 woman) representing people with disabilities must be elected proportionally through party lists. The speaker of the Senate will be an ex officio member.

** The 2010 Constitution introduced several requirements to better facilitate minority representation and devolve power to the local level. In addition to these 290 parliamentary seats, members are nominated by parliament through party lists, in proportion to their nationwide vote share. They must be apportioned to represent special interests of minorities, youth, and persons with disabilities. In addition, 47 women must be elected by registered voters in the 47 counties. The speaker of the National Assembly will be an ex-officio member.

Info Institutions Learn More

Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2002-12-27 5,975,910 10,451,150 57.18%
National Assembly 2002-12-27 - - -
Referendum 2005-11-21 6,158,072 11,800,000 -
President 2007-12-27 9,877,028 14,267,764 -
Referendum 2010-08-04 9,106,285 12,616,627 -
Senate 2013-03-04 - 14,337,399 -
President 2013-03-04 12,330,028 14,352,533 -
National Assembly 2013-03-04 - 14,337,399 -

Voter Turnout