Year in Review - June 2013

Dec. 24, 2013, 11:07 a.m.

Nauru (June 8, 2013): Parliamentary election were held in Nauru on June 8, 2013. Elections had originally been scheduled on April 6, following the dissolution of Parliament in March. However, the Supreme Court annulled the dissolution, cancelling the elections. Elections were again called for June 22, 2013, but were moved forward following President Sprent DABWIDO’s declaration of a state of emergency. The size of the Parliament was increased to 19 seats prior to the election, to prevent future 9-9 votes in the assembly. Elections in Nauru are non-partisan, and as a result, all 19 candidates winning election were independents. Following the election, Baron WAQA, the Fisheries Minister, was elected president by the new Parliament.

Switzerland (June 9, 2013): The second series of nationwide referendums in Switzerland was held on June 9, 2013. Voters were asked two questions, one amending the Swiss Asylum Act, and a popular initiative to have direct elections for the Federal Council. The amendments to the Asylum Act were designed to expedite the asylum process. This question passed overwhelmingly, with 78.45 percent of Swiss voters voting in favor. The move to have direct elections for the members of the Federal Council did not pass, with 76.33 percent of voters opposing the initiative.

Iran (June 14, 2013): Iranian voters cast ballots in a presidential election to replace President Mahmoud AHMADINEJAD, who was term-limited. For the election, 680 registered to run in the election; however, only eight candidates were approved by the Guardian Council to participate in the election. A further two candidates dropped out during the election campaign. Former Chief Nuclear Negotiator Hassan ROUHANI won the election. ROUHANI received 52.49 percent of the vote, and was able to avoid a run-off election. Finishing second in the election was Mayor of Tehran Mohammad Bagher GHALIBAF, who won 17.14 percent of the vote.

Albania (June 23, 2013): Elections to the 140-member Parliament of Albania (Kuvendi I Shqipërisë) were held on June 23, 2013. The election was contested by 66 parties; however 62 of these parties participated as part of two electoral alliances, the center-right Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration / Aleanca për Punësim, Mirëqenie dhe Integrim, led by Prime Minister Sali BERISHA, and the big tent Alliance for a European Albania / Aleanca për Shqipërinë Europiane, led by Edi Rama. The Socialist Party of Albania / Partia Socialiste, which led the Alliance for a European Albania won the most seats in the election, winning 65 seats with 41.28 percent of the vote. In total, the coalition won 57.63 percent of the vote and 83 seats in the Parliament. The Democratic Party / Partia Demokratike finished second in the election, winning 50 seats and 30.52 percent of the vote. With their coalition partners, the Alliance for Employment, Prosperity, and Integration finished with 57 seats and 39.46 percent of the vote. Following the election, Edi RAMA became Prime Minister of Albania.

Mongolia (June 26, 2013): Presidential elections were held in Mongolia on June 26, 2013. President Tsakhigiin ELBEGDORJ won re-election to a second term in office, winning 50.23 percent of the vote, enough to avoid a run-off election. ELBEGDORJ’s closest opponent Badmaanyambuugiin BAT-ERDINE received 41.97 percent of the vote. The election marked the first time in Mongolia’s history that Mongolians living abroad could vote in the presidential election, and also marked the first time that OSCE/ODIHR conducted a monitoring mission in Mongolia.

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