Year in Review - February 2013

Dec. 20, 2013, noon

Liechtenstein (February 1 and 3, 2013): General elections were held over the course of two days in Liechtenstein to elect 25 members to the Landtag. The 25 members were elected through open list proportional representation, with an 8 percent threshold required to gain seats. The Progressive Citizens’ Party / Fortschrittliche Bürgerpartei in Liechtenstein (FBP) won the most seats (10) in the election, after gaining 40.00 percent of the vote. Following the election, the FBP formed a government alongside the Patriotic Union / Vaterländische Union (VU), who won 8 seats in the election with 33.50 percent of the vote. The election marked the first time that four political parties gained representation in the Landtag.

Cuba (February 3, 2013): Elections to the National Assembly of People’s Power concluded on February 3, 2013, when 614 members were elected to the body. Only one candidate stood in each constituency in Cuba, having previously been approved by the National Candidature Committee. Of these candidates, half were municipal councilors, and the other half represent farmers, students, women, workers, young people, and members of the Committee for the Defense of the Revolution. All candidates elected are members of the Communist Party of Cuba.

Monaco (February 10, 2013): Elections to the National Council / Conseil National were held on February 10, 2013 to elect 24 new members to the body through open list proportional representation. For the first time in the Principality’s history, the election featured three full candidate lists. Horizon Monaco, consisting of members of Rassemblement et Enjeux, Union pour la Principauté, and Synergie Monegasque, won the election with 50.34 percent of the vote and 20 seats in the National Council.

Cyprus (February 17 and 24, 2013): Voters in Cyprus voted elect a replacement for President Demetris CHRITOFIAS, who had decided to not seek re-election following a deadlock on talks of Cypriot reunification. In the first round of the election, 11 candidates contested the election, with Nikos ANASTASIADES and Stavros MALAS advancing to the second round. ANASTASIADES, running for an alliance of the Democratic Rally - Democratic Party (DISY - DIKO) / Δημοκρατικός Συναγερμός - Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα (ΔΗΣΥ- ΔΗΚΟ) won the election in the second round with 57.48 percent of the vote. Following the election win, ANASTASIADES was inaugurated on February 28, 2013.

Ecuador (February 17, 2013): Ecuadorians voted in general elections to fill the office of the presidency and to elect 137 members to the National Assembly / Asamblea Nacional. Eight candidates participated in the presidential election, including the incumbent President Rafael CORREA of the PAIS Alliance / Movimiento Allianza PAIS. CORREO won re-election by a wide margin, receiving 57.17 percent of the votes, compared to only 22.68 percent for his nearest competitor, Guillermo LASSO. CORREA’s PAIS Alliance was also successful in the National Assembly elections. Prior to the election, the electoral law was changed to re-draw the boundaries of the multi-member districts to ensure more proportional representation, in addition to increasing the size of the National Assembly to 137 members, from 124 members. The PAIS Alliance won the most seats in the election, winning 52.31 percent of the vote, and winning 91 seats in the body. Seven other parties also won seats in the election.

Armenia (February 18, 2013): Presidential elections were held in Armenia on February 18, 2013. In the run-up to the elections, one candidate, Paruyr HAYRIKYAN, was the subject of an assassination attempt. HAYRIKYAN would call for a two-week delay of the election on February 10; however, the following day he withdrew his request to the Constitutional Court. President Serzh SARGSYAN of the Republican Party of Armenia / Հայաստանի Հանրապետական Կուսակցություն, won re-election, winning 56.67 percent of the vote. Raffi HOVAHANNISYAN of the Heritage Party / Ժառանգություն» կուսակցությունը finished second in the election with 35.51 percent of the vote. Following the election, HOVAHANNISYAN raised concerns over the legitimacy of the election, and raised concerns over allegation of electoral fraud. Protests have continued since the election, however, SARGYSAN has shown no sign of stepping down.

Grenada (February 19, 2013): Voters in Grenada elected 15 members to the House of Representatives. Members of the House of Representatives are elected by majority vote in 15 single-member constituencies. The opposition New National Party, led by Keith MITCHELL, won every seat in the election, winning 58.82 percent of the vote. The National Democratic Congress, which had held 11 seats in the House of Representatives, won 40.69 percent of the vote, but did not attain a majority in any of the constituencies.

Barbados (February 21, 2013): Barbadian voters went to the polls to elect 30 members to the House of Assembly. For the first time in the country’s history, the House of Assembly sat for a full term of 5 years prior to elections. The ruling Democratic Labor Party retained their majority in the House of Assembly, winning 51.27 percent of the vote and 16 seats, a loss of four from the previous election. The opposition Barbados Labor Party increased their seat share to 14 seats, by winning 48.34 percent of the votes.

Djibouti (February 22, 2013): Elections to the National Assembly / Assemblée Nationale were held on February 22, 2013. At stake in the election were 65 seats in the body. The election law was modified prior to the election, allowing 13 seats to be awarded through proportional representation, instead of the previous system which allocated all seats in the six electoral districts to the winning party. The Union for a Presidential Majority / Union pour la majorité présidentielle (UMP) of President IsmaÏl Omar GUELLAH won the most seats in the election, winning 61.47 percent of the vote and 43 seats in the National Assembly. The opposition Union for a National Salvation / Union pour le Salut National finished second in the election, receiving 35.57 percent of the vote and 21 seats. The election marked the first time in Djibouti’s history that opposition lawmakers had been elected to the National Assembly.

Italy (February 24 and 25, 2013): Early elections were held in Italy following the decision of Silvio BERLUSCONI to withdraw his People of Freedom / Popolo della Libertà party from the Cabinet of Prime Minister Mario MONTI. At stake in the election were 630 seats in the Chamber of Deputies / Camera dei Deputati and 315 seats in the Senate / Senato. The election was contested by four main electoral coalitions; the center-left Italy. Common Good / Italia. Bene Comune coalition led by Pier Luigi BERSANI, the centrist With Monti for Italy / Con Monti per l’Italia coalition led by Prime Minister Mario MONTI, the center-right Centre-Right Coalition / L’alleanza di Centro-Destra led by Silvio BERLUSCONI, and the populist Five Star Movement / Movimento 5 Stelle led by Beppe GRILLO. BERSANI’s coalition gained a majority in the Chamber of Deputies by winning 29.54 percent of the vote, which gave them the majority bonus, giving them a minimum of 340 seats (overall, the party won 345 seats). Among the other coalitions BERLUSCONI’s won 29.18 percent of the vote (125 seats), GRILLO’s won 25.55 percent (109 seats), and MONTI’s won 10.56 percent (47 seats). In the Senate elections, BERSANI’s coalition won the most seats with 31.63 percent of the vote (123 seats). BERLUSCONI’s coalition finished second in the election with 30.71 percent of the vote (117 seats). As a result of the election results, a grand coalition led by the Deputy Secretary of the Democratic Party, Enrico LETTA, was formed in April 2013 to govern Italy.

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