At stake in this election:
- The office of President of El Salvador
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez *
- Head of Government: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez
- Assembly: El Salvador has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) with 84 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
- In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 84 members are elected by party-list system with proportional distribution of seats to serve 3-year terms.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Mauricio FUNES
Party: Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front / Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN)
- Rodrigo ÁVILA
Party: Nationalist Republican Alliance / Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (ARENA)
Last Presidential election:
- ARENA candidate Antonioo SACA won El Salvador's last presidential election, which was held on 21 March 2004.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 7,066,403 (July 2008 est.)
- Registered Voters: 4,226,479 (January 2009 )