At stake in this election:
- 27 seats in the Senate (Senat)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Vaclav KLAUS
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Mirek TOPOLANEK
- Assembly: Czech Republic has a bicameral Parliament (Parlament) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecka Snemovna) with 200 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by parliament to serve a 5-year term.
- In the Senate (Senat) 81 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecka Snemovna) 200 members are elected by party-list system with proportional distribution of seats to serve 4-year terms.**
* One third of the Senate is renewed every two years. A run-off election will be held on October 24-25 in constituencies in which no candidate obtained an absolute majority of votes.
** A threshold of 5% is required in order for a party to enter the Chamber of Deputies.
Main parties in the Second Round of the electoral race:
- Party: Civic Democratic Party / Ob
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 10,384,603 (2008)
- Registered Voters: 2,852,506 (2008)
· Female Population: 5,303,781 (2008)
· Is Czech Republic a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Czech Republic ratified CEDAW: Yes, succession (22 February 1993)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 31 (Chamber of Deputies); 6 (Senate) (following the 2006 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 28 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2014)
· Is Czech Republic a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Czech Republic ratified CRPD: Yes (28 September 2009)
· Population with a disability: 1,557,690 (est.)