At stake in this election:
- 76 seats in the Senate (Wuthisapha)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej
- Head of Government: Prime Minister SAMAK Sundharavej
- Assembly: Thailand has a bicameral Bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate (Wuthisapha) with 150 seats and the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon) with 400 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The King is the hereditary head of state.
- The Prime Minister is elected by parliament to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate (Wuthisapha), 74 members are appointed and 76 members are elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV)*. In the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon), 400 members are elected in multi-member constituencies and 80 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
* Candidates for Senate are not allowed to be members of political parties. Members are not eligible for reelection.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Independent(s): Independents
- Leader: N/A
- Seats won in last Senate election: 0
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 66,453,255 (2008)
- Registered Voters: 44,911,254 (March 2007)
· Female Population: 33,622,742 (2008)
· Is Thailand a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Thailand ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (9 August 1985)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 24 (Senate) following the 2008 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 93
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low
· Is Thailand a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Thailand ratified CRPD: Yes (29 July 2008)
· Population with a disability: 9,967,988 (est.)