ElectionGudie

April 21, 2006 Held

3,533,430
Registered to Vote
Haiti

Republic of Haiti

Election for Sénat (Haitian Senate)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 30 seats in the Senate

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Boniface ALEXANDRE *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Gerald LATORTUE **
  • Assembly: Haiti has a bicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) consisting of the Senate with 30 seats and the Chamber of Deputies with 99 seats.

* Boniface ALEXANDRE became president on 29 February 2004, when Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE resigned as president.

** Prime Minister LATORTUE is an Interim PM.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate 30 members are elected by popular vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies 99 members are elected by popular vote to serve 4-year terms.

* One-third of the Senate is elected every two years.

Main parties in the Second Round of the electoral race:

  • Party: Fanmi Lavalas / (FL)
    • Leader: Rudy HERIVEAUX
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 26
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 73
  • Party: New Christian Movement for a New Haiti / (MOCHRENA)
    • Leader: Luc MESADIEU
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 3
  • Party: Open the Gate Party / Parti Louvri Bayre (PLB)
    • Leader: Anès LUBIN
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 0
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 3
  • Party: Liberal Party of Haiti / Parti Libéral Haïtien (PLH)
    • Leader: Gehy MICHEL
    • Seats won in last Senate election: N/A
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: N/A

Last Legislative election:

  • Parliamentary elections last held on 21 May 2000. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 9,409,479 (2006)
  • Registered Voters: 3,533,430 (2006)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 4,759,777 (2006)

·         Is Haiti a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Haiti ratified CEDAW: Yes (20 July 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 4 (Chamber of Deputies); 4 (Senate) following 2006 elections 

·         Human Development Index Position: 163 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Haiti a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Haiti ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (23 July 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 1,411,421 (est.)