ElectionGudie

Oct. 9, 2004 Held

12,420,019
Voted
Australia

Commonwealth of Australia

Election for Australian Senate

Results

91%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:12,420,019
Valid Votes:11,953,649
Invalid Votes:466,370

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Liberal National Party 21 - 5,390,114

45.09%

Australian Labor Party 16 - 4,186,715

35.02%

Australian Green Party 2 - 916,431

7.67%

Family First Party 1 - 210,567

1.76%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 40 seats in the Senate

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister John Winston HOWARD
  • Assembly: Australia has a bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the Senate with 76 seats and the House of Representatives with 150 seats.

* Queen Elizabeth II is represented by Governor-General Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Michael JEFFERY.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen of Australia is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
  • In the Senate 76 members are elected through a single transferable vote (STV) proportional representation system to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 150 members are elected through an alternative voting system to serve 3-year terms.**

* 72 members of the Senate represent the Federal States (12 per each of the six states) and serve six-year terms, with half of these seats renewed every three years. The four remaining members of the Senate represent the two Federal Territories. Parties present a Group Voting Ticket, which displays their slate of candidates and appears below a box with their party name. Electors can cast a ballot in two ways. The first method is by marking a "1" in a party's box indicating which Group Voting Ticket they wish to vote for. These votes are counted as if the elector had voted in the order of the list that the party presented. Additionally, electors may choose to rank candidates individually, from one to as many candidates as are on the ballot. If electors choose to do this, they must rank every candidate or their ballot will be considered invalid. Senate candidates must meet a certain quota of votes to be elected. This quota is calculated as the number of formal votes cast divided by the number of open seats plus one. After counting all first preference votes, candidates who meet the quota are declared winners and their surplus votes are reallocated via a fractional transfer.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Liberal Party of Australia (LP)
    • Leader: John Winston HOWARD
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 17
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 74
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 68
  • Party: Australian Labor Party (ALP)
    • Leader: Mark LATHAM
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 13
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 60
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 64
  • Party: National Party of Australia (NP)
    • Leader: Andrew John HALL
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 2
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 12
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 13
  • Party: Australian Democrats (DEM)
    • Leader: Andrew BARTLETT
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 4
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: N/A
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0
  • Party: Northern Territory Country Liberal Party (CLP)
    • Leader: Paul BUNKER
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 1
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 1
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 1
  • Party: Australian Green Party (GRN)
    • Leader: Bob BROWN
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 2
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: N/A
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 1
  • Party: Other Parties
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last Senate election: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Elections for the House of Representatives and Senate were last held on November 10, 2001.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 19,913,144 (July 2004 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 13,064,678 ( 2004 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 10,085,944 (2004)

·         Is Australia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Australia ratified CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1983)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 37 (House of Representatives); 14 (Senate) (as of 2004 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 2 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Australia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Australia ratified CRPD: Yes (17 July 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 2,986,971 (est.)