ElectionGudie

Oct. 6, 2002 Held

94,741,583
Voted
Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil

Election for Senado Federal (Brazilian Federal Senate)

Results

Cast Votes:94,741,583
Valid Votes:153,621,240
Invalid Votes:22,541,639

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Worker's Party 10 - 33,853,150

22.00%

Liberal Front Party 14 - 28,408,415

18.50%

Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement 9 - 25,199,662

16.40%

Others 6 - 24,502,972

15.80%

Brazilian Social Democracy Party 8 - 21,360,291

13.90%

Brazilian Progressive Party - - 6,903,581

4.50%

Brazilian Labor Party 2 - 5,190,032

3.40%

Liberal Party 2 - 4,857,302

3.20%

Brazilian Socialist Party 3 - 3,389,139

2.20%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 56 seats in the Federal Senate (Senado Federal)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Fernando Henrique CARDOSO*
  • Head of Government: President Fernando Henrique CARDOSO
  • Assembly: Brazil has a bicameral National Congress (Congresso Nacional) consisting of the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) with 81 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) with 513 seats.

* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term for a maximum of two mandates. Presidential elections take place under a two-round majority run-off system.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Federal Senate (Senado Federal) 81 members are elected by plurality vote to serve 8-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) 513 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.

* One-third of the senators (27 seats) are elected after a four-year period, and two-thirds (54 seats) are elected after the next four-year period.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Workers' Party / Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT)
    • Leader: Luis Inácio LULA da Silva
    • Seats won in this election: 10
  • Party: Party of the Liberal Front / Partido da Frente Liberal (PFL)
    • Seats won in this election: 14
  • Party: Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement / Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (PMDB)
    • Seats won in this election: 10
  • Party: Brazilian Social Democracy Party / Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira (PSDB)
    • Leader: José SERRA
    • Seats won in this election: 8
  • Party: Brazilian Progressive Party / Partido Progresista Brasilero (PPB)
    • Seats won in this election: 0
  • Party: Liberal Party / Partido Liberal (PL)
    • Seats won in this election: 3
  • Party: Brazilian Labor Party / Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (PTB)
    • Leader: Roberto Jefferson
    • Seats won in this election: 2
  • Party: Brazilian Socialist Party / Partido Socialista Brasileiro (PSB)
    • Leader: Anthony GAROTINHO
    • Seats won in this election: 3
  • Other Parties
    • Seats won in this election: 6

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 174,468,575 (2002)
  • Registered Voters: 115,254,113 (2002)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 91,635,538 (2002)

·         Is Brazil a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (31 March 1981)

·         Has Brazil ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 February 1984)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 44 (Chamber of Deputies); 10 (Federal Senate) (following 2002 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 75 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Brazil a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Brazil ratified CRPD: Yes (1 August 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 27,156,838 (est.)