ElectionGudie

Oct. 3, 1998 Held

11,587,365
Voted
Australia

Commonwealth of Australia

Election for Australian Senate

Results

92%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:11,587,365
Valid Votes:11,211,903
Invalid Votes:375,462

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Australian Labor Party 17 4,182,963

37.31%

Liberal Party of Australia 15 1,528,730

13.63%

Australian Democrats 4 947,940

8.45%

National Party of Australia 1 208,536

1.86%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 40 seats in the Senate

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen of Australia ELIZABETH II *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister John Winston HOWARD
  • Assembly: Australia has a bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the Senate with 76 seats and the House of Representatives with 148 seats.

* Queen Elizabeth II is represented by Governor-General Sir William DEANE.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen of Australia is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is elected by parliament.
  • In the Senate 76 members are elected through a single transferable vote (STV) proportional representation system to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 148 members are elected through an alternative voting system to serve 3-year terms.

* 72 members of the Senate represent the Federal States (12 per each of the six states) and serve six-year terms, with half of these seats renewed every three years. The four remaining members of the Senate represent the two Federal Territories and are elected for three-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Australian Labor Party (ALP)
    • Leader: Kim BEAZLEY
    • Seats won in this Senate election: 17
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 14
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 67
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 49
  • Party: Liberal Party of Australia (LP)
    • Leader: John Winston HOWARD
    • Seats won in this Senate election: 15
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 17
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 64
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 76
  • Party: National Party of Australia (NP)
    • Leader: Timothy FISCHER
    • Seats won in this Senate election: 1
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 2
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 16
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 18
  • Party: Australian Democrats (DEM)
    • Leader: Meg LEES
    • Seats won in this Senate election: 4
    • Seats won in last Senate election: 5
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held on March 2, 1996.
    Seats decided in the last election to the Senate: 40
    Seats decided in the last election to the House of Representatives: 148

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 18,631,100 ( est.)
  • Registered Voters: 12,154,050 (October 1998)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population:9,387,372 (1998)

·         Is Australia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Australia ratified CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1983)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 32 (House of Representatives); 23 (Senate)

·         Human Development Index Position: 2 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Australia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Australia ratified CRPD: Yes (17 July 2008)

·         Population with a disability:2,794,665 (est.)