ElectionGudie

July 12, 1998 Held

58,280,396
Voted
Japan

Japan

Election for Sangiin (Japanese House of Councillors)

Results

56%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:58,280,396
Valid Votes:55,936,064
Invalid Votes:2,344,332

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Liberal Democratic Party 44 17,033,852

30.50%

Independents 20 12,884,582

23.00%

Democratic Party of Japan 27 9,063,940

16.20%

Japan Communist Party 15 8,758,760

15.70%

Social Democratic Party 5 2,403,649

4.30%

Komei Party 9 1,843,479

3.30%

Liberal Party 6 980,249

1.80%

More Info:

Note: In the results above, the seats listed represent the total number of seats won, but the vote counts and percentages represent the Prefectural District votes. 

At stake in this election:

  • 126 seats in the House of Councillors (Sangi-in)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Emperor AKIHITO
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro KOIZUMI
  • Assembly: Japan has a bicameral Diet (Kokkai) consisting of the House of Councillors (Sangi-in) with 252 seats and the House of Representatives (Shugi-in) with 500 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Emperor is N/A N/A.
  • In the House of Councillors (Sangi-in), 100 members are through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 6-year terms and 152 members are elected to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Shugi-in), 300 members are elected in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 200 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 4-year terms.

* All members of the House of Councillors are elected for six-year terms, with one half the membership renewed every three years.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
    • Leader: Keizo OBUCHI
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 45
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 49
  • Party: Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)**
    • Leader: Naoto KAN
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 27
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 0
  • Party: Japan Communist Party (JCP)
    • Leader: Tetsuzo FUWA
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 15
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 8
  • Party: Komei Party****
    • Leader: Toshiko HAMAYOTSU
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 9
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 0
  • Party: Liberal Party
    • Leader: Ichiro OZAWA
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 6
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 3
  • Party: Social Democratic Party (SDP)
    • Leader: Takako DOI
    • Seats won in this House of Councillors election: 5
    • Seats won in last House of Councillors election: 16

** The DPJ was formed after the last election.
**** The Komei Party was formed after the last election.

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Elections to the House of Councillors were last held on July 23, 1995.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 125,570,246 (July 1997 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 98,574,766 (1998)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 64,515,270 (1998)

·         Is Japan a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Japan ratified CEDAW: Yes (25 June 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes 

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 23 (House of Representatives); 43 (House of Councillors)

·         Human Development Index Position: 20 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Japan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (28 September 2007)

·         Has Japan ratified CRPD: Yes (20 January 2014)

·         Population with a disability: 18,835,536 (est.)