ElectionGudie

Dec. 20, 2013 Held

4,042,706
Voted
Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar

Election for Assemblée Nationale (Malagasy National Assembly)

Results

49%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:4,042,706
Valid Votes:3,870,760
Invalid Votes:171,946

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Independents and Minor Parties 53 - 1,958,071

50.60%

With President Andry Rajoelina 49 - 669,394

17.30%

Ravalomanana Movement 20 - 416,732

10.80%

Vondrona Politika Miara dia Malagasy Miara Miainga (VPM MMM) 13 - 318,157

8.20%

Hiaraka Isika 5 - 146,999

3.80%

Antoko Maitso 2 - 136,889

3.50%

LEADER - Fanilo 5 - 107,224

2.80%

Trano Kasaka 2 - 63,148

1.60%

Andrin Ny Madagasikara 2 - 40,169

1.00%

Sambo Fiaran I Noe 2 - 13,374

0.30%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 151 seats in the National Assembly and 33 seats in the Senate.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President of the High Transitional Authority Andry Nirina RAJOELINA[1]
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Omer BERIZIKY
  • Assembly: The Parliament of Madagascar consists of two chambers, the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat).[2]

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 87 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 64 members are elected by single non-transferable vote in two-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms. In the Senate (Sénat), 22 members are appointed by regional legislatures to serve 5-year terms and 11 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms.[3]

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • With President Andry Rajoelina / Miaraka amin’i Prezida Andry Rajoelina (MAPAR)[4]
    • Seats won in this election: 49
  • Ravalomanana Movement / Mouvance Ravalomanana
    • Seats won in this election: 20
  • Vondrona Politika Miara dia Malagasy Miara Miainga (VPM MMM)
    • Seats won in this election: 13
  • Other Parties
    • Seats won in this election: 40
  • Independents
    • Seats won in this election: 25

A full list of winning candidates can be found here.

Last parliamentary election:

  • The last legislative election was held on September 23, 2007. However, President of the High Transitional Authority Andry RAJOELINA dissolved the National Assembly and Senate on March 19, 2009 after the military coup two days earlier placed him in power. On October 7, 2010, transitional President RAJOELINA established an unelected interim bicameral legislature, consisting of the Congress of the Transition (256 seats) and the Higher Council of the Transition (90 seats). While members of the opposition were included based on a mutual agreement, all members were appointed by the High Transitional Authority. The National Assembly and Senate will be restored and the transitional legislature dissolved after the elections on December 20, 2013. This date will also mark the second round of the presidential election, which will determine who will succeed RAJOELINA and complete Madagascar’s return to democratic government.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 22,924,557 (2013)
  • Registered Voters: 7,825,305 (October 2013)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 11,499,858 (2013)

·         Is Madagascar a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Madagascar ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 March 1989)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (following the 1998 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 154 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Madagascar a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)

·         Has Madagascar ratified CRPD: Yes (12 June 2015)

·         Population with a disability: 2,435,365 (est.)

 


[1] Marc RAVALOMANANA, the elected president, resigned on March 17, 2009, turning power over to the military. The military then named RAJOELINA president.

[2] The Parliament of Madagascar was dismissed on March 19, 2009 and replaced by an appointed transitional legislature on October 20, 2010 (see below).

[3] The Presidential appointees are chosen based on special judicial, economic, social or cultural competencies.

[4] Supports current President Andry RAJOELINA and presidential candidate Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA.