ElectionGudie

July 15, 2012 Held

1,733,943
Registered to Vote
Congo (Brazzaville)

Republic of the Congo

Election for Assemblée Nationale (Congolese National Assembly)

More Info:

NOTE: Final results can be found here.  

At stake in this election:

  • 135 seats in the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO *
  • Head of Government: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO
  • Assembly: Congo (Brazzaville) has a bicameral Parliament () consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 66 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 137 seats.

* The president is both the chief of state and head of government.
The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 7-year term, renewable once.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote to serve a 7-year term.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 66 members are indirectly elected by regional governing councils to serve 6-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) 137 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.

* 66 members are elected by indirect vote by district, local, and regional councils to serve 6-year terms. One-half of the Senate is renewed every 3 years.

Main parties in the First Round of the electoral race:

  • Party: Congolese Workers Party (PCT) / Parti congolais du travail
    • Leader: Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 53
    • Party: Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI) /Mouvement congolais pour la dÈmocratie et le dÈveloppement intÈgral
  • Leader: Bernard KOLELAS
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 11
  • Party: Union for Democracy and Republic (UDR-Mwinda) / Union pour la democratie et la Republique-Mwinda
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 6
  • Party: Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (UPADS) / Union panafricaine pour la democratie sociale
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 8

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 4,286,188 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: N/A

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,142,662 (2012)

·         Is Republic of Congo a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (29 July 1980)

·         Has Republic of Congo ratified CEDAW: Yes (26 July 1982)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 10 (National Assembly) (following 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 136 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Republic of Congo a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Republic of Congo ratified CRPD: Yes (2 September 2014)

·         Population with a disability: 642,928 (est.)