ElectionGudie

Jan. 15, 2012 Held

7,018,927
Voted
Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan

Election for Mazhilis (Kazakh House of Representatives)

Results

75%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:7,018,927
Valid Votes:7,018,927
Invalid Votes:None

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Nur Otan 83 - 5,621,436

80.99%

Bright Path 8 - 518,405

7.47%

Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan 7 - 498,788

7.19%

Freedom National Social Democratic Party - - 116,534

1.68%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 107 seats in the House of Representatives (Mazhilis)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Nursultan Abishevich NAZARBAYEV *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Karim MASIMOV
  • Assembly: Kazakhstan has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 39 seats and the House of Representatives (Mazhilis) with 107 seats.

* A 2007 constitutional amendment shortened the presidential term from seven years to five years. However, these changes will only take effect after NAZARBAYEV's term ends.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate, 7 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms and 32 members are indirectly elected by regional legislatures to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives (Mazhilis), 98 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 9 members are appointed to serve 5-year terms.**

* In the Senate, 7 members are appointed by the president and 32 are indirectly elected by oblast-level government bodies, all to serve 6-year terms.

** The PR tier is one, nationwide district with a seven percent threshold. The remaining nine deputies are chosen by the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, an unelected body containing 364 members formed by the President of Kazakhstan. Under the 2009 amendments to the Constitutional Law on Elections, if only one political party manages to clear the 7 percent threshold set for entrance into the Majilis, the runner-up party will also be allowed to have deputies in the chamber

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Nur Otan / Нұр Отан
    • Leader: Nursultan NAZARBAYEV
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 83
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 98
  • Alliance: Bright Path / Ak Zhol
    • Leader: Azat PERUASHEV
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 8
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0
  • Alliance: Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan (CPPK)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 7
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0
  • Alliance: Freedom National Social Democratic Party (OSDP Azat)****
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 0
    • Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 0

**** The party was a mergers of the Azat (Freedom) and the National Social Democratic Party (OSDP)

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 16,791,425 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 9,303,693 (January 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 8,689,247 (2012)

·         Is Kazakhstan a signatory to CEDAW: N/A

·         Has Kazakhstan ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (26 August 1998)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 26 (Assembly) following the 2012 elections; 2 (Senate) following the 2011 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 56 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Kazakhstan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (11 December 2008)

·         Has Kazakhstan ratified CRPD: Yes (21 April 2015)

·         Population with a disability: 2,518,713 (est.)