ElectionGudie

Sept. 15, 2008 Held

4,697,689
Voted
Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda

Election for Chambre des Députés (Rwandan Chamber of Deputies)

Results

98%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:4,697,689
Valid Votes:4,641,317
Invalid Votes:56,372

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Rwanda Socialist Party - - -

Rwanda Patriotic Front - - -

Liberal Party - - -

Democratic Popular Union of Rwanda - - -

Ideal Democratic Party - - -

Social Democratic Party - - -

Centrist Democratic Party - - -

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 53 seats in the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Paul KAGAME
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Bernard MAKUZA
  • Assembly: Rwanda has a bicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 26 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) with 53 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 7-year term.
  • In the Senate (Sénat), 16 members are indirectly elected to serve 8-year terms and 8 members are appointed by the President to serve 8-year terms*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés), 53 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms and 27 members are indirectly elected by special interest groups to serve 5-year terms.**

* Thirty percent of all indirectly elected Senators must be female. Twelve members are elected in accordance with the national administrative entities. Four members are designated by the Forum of Political organizations, and two university lecturers, of at least the rank of Associate Professor or a researcher, are elected by the academic and research staff of public universities and institutions of higher learning. The eight members appointed by the President are chosen to represent historically marginalized communities.

** Party-lists can contain no more than 80 candidates. Twenty-seven members are indirectly elected. Twenty-four seats are reserved for women, two are elected by the National Youth Council, and one is elected by the Federation of the Associations of the Disabled. Parties and candidates must also choose a symbol that will be placed on the ballot next to the name. The symbol must not be similar to one previously used and cannot be comprised of a combination of the three colors of the national flag.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) / Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR)*
    • Leader: Paul KAGAME
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: 42
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 33
  • Party: Social Democratic Party / Parti Social Démocrate (PSD)
    • Leader: Vincent BIRUTA
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: 7
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 7
  • Party: Liberal Party / Parti Liberal (PL)
    • Leader: Protais MITALI
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: 4
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 6
  • Party: Centrist Democratic Party / Parti Démocrate Centriste (PDC)
    • Leader: Alfred MUKEZAMFURA
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: N/A
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 3
  • Party: Rwanda Socialist Party / Parti Socialiste Rwandais (PSR)
    • Leader: Medard RUTIJANWA
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: N/A
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 1
  • Party: Ideal Democratic Party / Parti Democratique Idéal (PDI)
    • Leader: Andre BUMAYA
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: N/A
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 2
  • Party: Democratic Popular Union of Rwanda / Union Democratique du Peuple Rwandais (UDPR)
    • Leader: Adrien RANGIRA
    • Seats won in this Chamber of Deputies election: N/A
    • Seats won in last Chamber of Deputies election: 1

* In the 2003 elections, FPR led a coalition that included the PDC, PDI, UDPR, and PSR, which won a total of 40 seats in the Chamber of Deputies between the coalition members. Of those 40, 33 were held by actual FPR members while the other seven seats were won by coalition partners as outlined above.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 9,750,314 (2008)
  • Registered Voters: 4,752,540 (September 2008)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 5,099,117 (2008)

·         Is Rwanda a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (1 May 1980)

·         Has Rwanda ratified CEDAW: Yes (2 March 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 45 (Chamber of Deputies); 9 (Senate) 

·         Human Development Index Position: 163 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Rwanda a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Rwanda ratified CRPD: Yes, accession (15 December 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 1,462,547 (est.)