At stake in this election:
- 15 seats in the Parliament (Fale I Fono)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II *
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Enele SOPOAGA
- Assembly: Tuvalu has a unicameral Parliament (Fale I Fono) with 15 seats.
* The Queen is represented by Governor General Iakoba ITALELI
Description of electoral system:
- Tuvalu is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The British sovereign is head of state and is represented by a Governor-General, who must be a citizen of Tuvalu and is appointed by the head of state on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
- The Prime Minister is elected by parliament and is head of government. The cabinet consists of the Prime Minister, plus up to four other ministers, appointed by the Governor-General from among the members of parliament, on the advice of the Prime Minister. The cabinet advises the Governor-General who must accept its advice.
- Parliament is composed of 15 members: two elected every four years by universal adult suffrage from seven electoral districts and one from the remainder. The Speaker, elected by the members, presides over parliament.
- The constitution provides for the operation of a judiciary and for an independent public service. It guarantees protection of all fundamental rights and freedoms, and provides for the determination of citizenship.
Main parties in this parliamentary race:*
- Independent(s): Independents*
* There are no formal political parties in Tuvalu
Population and Voter Registration:
- Female Population: 5,636 (2018 est.)
- Is Tuvalu a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Tuvalu ratified CEDAW: Yes (6 October 1999)
- Gender Quota: No
- Female candidates in this election: Yes
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 1
- Human Development Index Position: 85 (2018)
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
- Is Tuvalu a signatory to CRPD: N/A
- Has Tuvalu ratified CRPD: Yes (18 December 2013)
- Population with a disability: 1,630 (est.)