ElectionGudie

May 18, 2019 Confirmed

Australia

Commonwealth of Australia

Election for Australian Senate

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 40 seats in the Senate

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II*
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Scott MORRISON
  • Assembly: Australia has a bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives. The Senate is composed of 76 seats and the House of Representatives has 151 seats.

* Queen Elizabeth II is represented by Governor-General Peter COSGROVE.

Electoral System:

  • In the Senate, members are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote. Twelve members are elected from each of the 6 states to serve six-year terms and 2 members from each of the 2 mainland territories to serve three-year terms. One-half of state membership is renewed every 3 years.

Main parties in the election:

  • Leader: Scott MORRISON
  • Seats won in last election: 21

* There are 81 parties registered in Australia. A full list is available here.

** The Liberal Party, The Liberal National Party, and The National Party of Australia are members of an alliance called The Coalition.

*** The Centre Alliance was formerly called the Nick Xenophon Team.

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 25,088,636 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters:16,323,823

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 12,589,589 (2019 est.)
  • Is Australia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Australia ratified CEDAW: Yes (28 July 1983)
  • Gender Quota: No (There are no legal quotas, but there are voluntary party quotas)
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 45 (30%) of the 150 members of the House of Representatives; 30 (39.5%) of the 76 members of the Senate
  • Human Development Index Position: 3 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is Australia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Australia ratified CRPD: Yes (17 July 2008)
  • Population with a disability: 3,412,652 (est.)