ElectionGudie

April 11, 2019 Held

India

Republic of India

Election for Lok Sabha (Indian People's Assembly)

More Info:

Results: The distribution of seats below is for parties with ten or more seats only. The full seat distribution will be added, along with votes by party, when voting numbers are available.

Seats Won in this Election:

  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP): 303
  • Indian National Congress (INC): 52
  • Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK): 23
  • All India Trinamool congress (AITC): 22
  • Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party: 22
  • Shivsena (SHS): 18
  • Janata Dal (United): 16
  • Biju Janata Dal (BJD): 12
  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP): 10

At Stake in this Election:

  • 543 seats in the People’s Assembly (Lok Sabha)

Government Structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ram Nath KOVIND
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Narendra MODI
  • Assembly: India has a bicameral Parliament (Sansad) consisting of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) with 245 seats and the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha) with 545 seats.

Electoral System:

  • In the Council of States (Rajya Sabha), 233 members are indirectly elected by the state legislatures to serve 6-year terms and 12 members are appointed by the president to serve 6-year terms. 
  • In the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha), 543 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are appointed by the president.

Election Schedule:

Due to India's large population (814,000,000 voters are eligible to vote), elections to the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha) will take place over seven days between April 11 and May 19, 2019. The results will be published May 23. Elections will take place as follows:

  • 11 April: Andhra Pradesh (25), Arunachal Pradesh (2), Assam (5), Bihar (4), Chhattisgarh (1), J&K (2), Maharashtra (7), Manipur (1), Meghalaya (2), Mizoram (1), Nagaland (1), Odisha (4), Sikkim (1), Telangana (17), Tripura (1), Uttar Pradesh (UP) (8), Uttarakhand (5), West Bengal (2), Andaman & Nicobar (1), Lakshadweep (1)
  • 18 April: Assam (5), Bihar (5), Chhattisgarh (3), Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) (2), Karnataka (14), Maharashtra (10), Manipur (1), Odisha (5), Tamil Nadu (39), Tripura (1), UP (8), West Bengal (3), Puducherry (1)
  • 23 April: Assam (4), Bihar (5), Chhattisgarh (7), Gujarat (26), Goa (2), J&K (1), Karnataka (14), Kerala (20), Maharashtra (14), Odisha (6), UP (10), West Bengal (5), Dadar and Nagar Haveli (1), Daman and Diu (1)
  • 29 April: Bihar (5), J&K (1), Jharkhand (3), MP (6), Maharashtra (17), Odisha (6), Rajasthan (13), UP (13), Bengal (8)
  • 6 May: Bihar (1), J&K (2), Jharkhand (4), Madhya Pradesh (MP) (7), Rajasthan (12), UP (14), Bengal (7)
  • 12 May: Bihar (8), Haryana (10), Jharkhand (4), MP (8), UP (14), Bengal (8), Delhi (7)
  • 19 May: Bihar (8), Jharkhand (3), MP (8), Punjab (13), Bengal (9), Chandigarh (1), UP (13), Himachal Pradesh (4)

More details on the election schedule can be found here and here.           

Main parties in this Election:*

  • Alliance: National Democratic Alliance (NDA)
    • Party: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
      • PM Candidate: Narendra MODI
      • President: Amit SHAH
      • State: National
    • Party: Shiv Sena (SS)
      • Chairperson: Uddhav THACKERAY
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: 18
      • State: Maharashtra
    • Party: Lok Janshakti Party (LJP)
      • Chairperson: Ram Vilas PASWAN
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: 6
      • State: Bihar
    • Party: Janata Dal (United)
      • Chairperson: Nitish KUMAR
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: 2
      • State: Bihar
    • Party: Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)
      • Chairperson: G.K. MODI
      • State: Tamil Nadu
    • Party: Apna Dal
      • Leader: Ashish Singh Patel
      • State: Uttar Pradesh
    • Party: Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD)
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: 4
      • State: Punjab
  • Alliance: United Progressive Alliance (UPA)**
  • Alliance: BSP – SP – RLD
    • Party: Samajwadi Party (SP)
      • Chairperson: Akhilesh YADAV
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: 5
      • State: Uttar Pradesh
    • Party: Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
      • Chairperson: MAYAWATI
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election:
      • State: National
    • Party: Rastriya Lok Dal (RLD)
      • Chairperson: Chaudhary Ajit SINGH
      • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election:
      • State: National
  • Alliance: Left Democratic Front (LDF)*****
  • Party: All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC)
    • Chairperson: Mamata BANERJEE
    • State: West Bengal
  • Party: Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party
    • Chairperson: Y.S. Jaganmohan REDDY
    • State: Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
  • Party: Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS)
    • President: Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar RAO
    • State: Telangana
  • Party: Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
    • Leader: Shri Naveen PATNAIK
    • State: Odisha
  • Party: All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) Are they part of NDA?
    • Chief Minister: Edappadi PALANISWAMI
    • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Party: All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF)
    • Leader: Badruddin AJMAL
    • State: Assam
  • Party: All India Majis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM)
    • Leader: Asaduddin OWAISI
    • State: Telangana and Maharastra
  • Party: Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)
    • National Convenor: Arvind KEJRIWAL
    • State: National
  • Party: Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) (JVM(P))
    • President: Babulal MARANDI
    • State: Jharkhand
  • Party: Indian National Lok Dal (INLD)
    • President: Om Prakash CHAUTALA
    • State: Haryana
  • Party: Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK)
    • General Secretary: Vai “Vaiko”GOPALSAMY
    • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Party: Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)
    • President: Mehbooba MUFTI
    • State: Jammu and Kashmir
  • Party: Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF)
    • President: Shri Pawan CHAMLING
    • State: Sikkim
  • Party: National People’s Party (NPP)
    • President: Conrad SANGMA
    • State: National
  • Party: Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (AMMK)
    • Deputy Secretary General: T.T.V. DINAKARAN
    • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Party: Mizo National Front (MNF)
    • Leader: Zoramthanga
    • State: Mizoram
  • Party: Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP)
    • President: Chingwang KONYAK
    • State: Nagaland
  • Independents
  • Alliance: Mahagathbandhan Alliance***
    • Seats won in last Lok Sabha election: N/A
    • State:  National

 

* There are 2,293 parties registered in India. (See here and here) The parties listed for each alliance are expected to receive the most votes, and are not exhaustive lists of the parties in those alliances. The exception is the BSP-SP-RLD alliance, which is just those three parties.

** The INC and several other members of the UPA are in another alliance, the United Democratic Front (UDF), in the state of Kerala.

*** Mahagathbandhan is composed of parties unaffiliated with an alliance, including the All India Trinamool Congress (AITMC), and parties from the United Progressive Alliance and Left Democratic Front.

Population and Registered Voters:

  • Population: 1,368,737,513 (2019 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 834,101,479 (2014) 

Gender Data:

  • Female Population:  659,711,731 (2019 est.)
  • Is India a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980)
  • Has India ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 July 1993)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 62 (following the 2014 elections)
  • Human Development Index Position: 64 in the People’s Assembly (11.7%); 27 in the Council of States (11%)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2019)

Disability Data:

  • Is India a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has India ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)
  • Population with a disability: 187,754,338 (est.)