ElectionGudie

Oct. 27, 2018 Held

Gabon

Gabonese Republic

Election for Assemblée Nationale (Gabonese National Assembly)

More Info:

Results:

Seats won in this election: 

  • Gabonese Democratic Party / Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG):    98
  • The Democrats/ Les Démocrates (LD):    11
  • Restoration of Republican Values / Restauration des Valeurs Républicaines (RV):    8
  • Independents:    8
  • Social Democrats of Gabon / Sociaux-Démocrates du Gabon:    5
  • Legacy and Modernity Rally / Rassemblement de l'Héritage et de la Modernité (RH&M):    4
  • National Union/Union Nationale (UN):    2
  • Social Democratic Party / Parti Social-Démocrate (PSD):    2
  • Union for the New Republic / Union pour la nouvelle République (UPNR):    1
  • Circle of Liberal Reformers / Cercle des Libéraux Réformateurs (CLR):    1
  • Union for Democracy and Social Integration - Gabonese Democratic Party / Union pour la Démocratie et l'Intégration Sociale - Parti Démocratique Gabonais (UDIS-PDG):    1
  • RV-CEO:    1
  • New Democracy / Nouvelle Démocratie:    1

Note on the results:

  • Seat totals reflect both the first and second rounds.

At stake in this election:

  • The remainder of the 143 seats in the National Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ali BONGO Ondimba
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
  • Assembly: Gabon has a bicameral Parlement (Parliament) consisting of the Senat (Senate) composed of 102 seats and the Assemblee Nationale (National Assembly) consisting of 143 seats.

Description of electoral system

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 7-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 91 members are elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 143 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms. If no candidate in a district receives a majority in the first round, that election goes to a second round. **

* One member is elected by the regional assembly from each constituency. Most sources report that the election is by plurality.

** According to the electoral law, seats are apportioned to each province or department in proportion to population. The manner of election is also fixed by law. 

Main parties in the election:

  • Party: Gabonese Democratic Party / Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 107
  • Party: The Democrats / Les Démocrates (LD)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Social Democrats of Gabon / Sociaux-Démocrates du Gabon (SDG)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Legacy and Modernity Rally / Rassemblement de l'Héritage et de la Modernité (RH&M)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Restoration of Republican Values / Restauration des Valeurs Républicaines (RV)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Circle of Liberal Reformers / Cercle des Libéraux Réformateurs (CLR)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Social Democratic Party / Parti Social-Démocrate (PSD)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Union for the New Republic / Union pour la nouvelle République (UPNR)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: National Union/Union Nationale (UN)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Union for Democracy and Social Integration - Gabonese Democratic Party / Union pour la Démocratie et l'Intégration Sociale - Parti Démocratique Gabonais (UDIS-PDG)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Independents

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 2,067,561 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 745,645 (2011)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 1,006,227 (2018 est.)
  • Is Gabon a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Gabon ratified CEDAW: Yes (21 January 1983)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: No
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 18 (Senate); 20 (National Assembly)
  • Human Development Index Position: 110 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Gabon a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Gabon ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)
  • Population with a disability: 255,800 (2018 est.)