ElectionGudie

Oct. 6, 2018 Held

Gabon

Gabonese Republic

Election for Assemblée Nationale (Gabonese National Assembly)

More Info:

Results:

Seats won in this election: 

  • Gabonese Democratic Party / Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG):    74
  • The Democrats/ Les Démocrates (LD):    3
  • Independents:    2
  • Restoration of Republican Values / Restauration des Valeurs Républicaines (RV):    1
  • Social Democratic Party / Parti Social-Démocrate (PSD):    1
  • Union for the New Republic / Union pour la nouvelle République (UPNR):    1 
  • Union for Democracy and Social Integration - Gabonese Democratic Party / Union pour la Démocratie et l'Intégration Sociale - Parti Démocratique Gabonais (UDIS-PDG):    1

At stake in this election:

  • 143 seats in the National Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ali BONGO Ondimba
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
  • Assembly: Gabon has a bicameral Parlement (Parliament) consisting of the Senat (Senate) composed of 102 seats and the Assemblee Nationale (National Assembly) consisting of 143 seats.

Description of electoral system

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 7-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 91 members are elected by members of municipal councils and departmental assemblies to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 143 members are elected by absolute majority vote in two rounds in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms **

* One member is elected by the regional assembly from each constituency. Most sources report that the election is by plurality.

** According to the electoral law, seats are apportioned to each province or department in proportion to population. The manner of election is fixed by law. 

Main parties in the election:

  • Party: Gabonese Democratic Party / Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 103
  • Party: The Democrats / Les Démocrates (LD)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Legacy and Modernity Rally / Rassemblement de l'Héritage et de la Modernité (RH&M)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Restoration of Republican Values / Restauration des Valeurs Républicaines (RV)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Circle of Liberal Reformers / Cercle des Libéraux Réformateurs (CLR)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Social Democratic Party / Parti Social-Démocrate (PSD)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Union for the New Republic / Union pour la nouvelle République (UPNR)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: National Union/Union Nationale (UN)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Union for Democracy and Social Integration - Gabonese Democratic Party / Union pour la Démocratie et l'Intégration Sociale - Parti Démocratique Gabonais (UDIS-PDG)
    • Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1
  • Party: Independents

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 2,067,561 (2018 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 745,645 (2011)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 1,006,227 (2018 est.)
  • Is Gabon a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
  • Has Gabon ratified CEDAW: Yes (21 January 1983)
  • Gender Quota: No
  • Female candidates in this election: No
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians: 18 (Senate); 20 (National Assembly)
  • Human Development Index Position: 110 (2018)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Gabon a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Gabon ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)
  • Population with a disability: 255,800 (2018 est.)