At stake in this election:
- 435 seats in the House of Representatives
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President George W. BUSH *
- Head of Government: President George W. BUSH
- Assembly: United States has a bicameral Congress consisting of the Senate with 100 seats and the House of Representatives with 435 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The president is popularly elected through a system involving the electoral college. Each state receives a number of Electoral College votes based on its two Senators plus the number of seats it has in the House. A candidate who received the most votes in a state captures all the electoral votes. A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes (270) to be elected president. The president serves a four-year term, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 100 members are elected by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 435 members are elected in single-member constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 2-year terms.
* One-third of the members are renewed every two years, and each state elects two senators.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: Republican Party
- Leader: Dennis HASTERT
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 221
- Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 229
- Party: Democratic Party
- Leader: Richard GEPHARDT
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 212
- Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 204
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 1
- Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 1
Last Legislative election:
- Legislative elections last held: November 7, 2000
Seats decided in the last election to the Senate: 33
Seats decided in the last election House of Representatives: 435
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 278,058,881 (July 2001 est. )
- Registered Voters: 205,800,000 ( 2000 )
· Female Population: 145,599,896 (2002)
· Is United States a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has United States ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 13 (Senate); 62 (House) following the 2002 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 8 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is United States a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 July 2009)
· Has United States ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 41,708,832 (est.)