ElectionGudie

Sept. 23, 2007 Held

Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar

Election for Assemblée Nationale (Malagasy National Assembly)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 151 seats in the National Assembly and 33 seats in the Senate.

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Marc RAVALOMANANA (22 February 2002 - 17 March 2009)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Charles RABEMANANJARA (20 January 2007 - 17 March 2009)
  • Assembly: The Parliament of Madagascar consists of two chambers, the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat).[2]

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 87 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 64 members are elected by single non-transferable vote in two-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms. In the Senate (Sénat), 22 members are appointed by regional legislatures to serve 5-year terms and 11 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms.[3]

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • With President Andry Rajoelina / Miaraka amin’i Prezida Andry Rajoelina (MAPAR)[4]
  • Ravalomanana Movement / Mouvance Ravalomanana
  • Vondrona Politika Miara dia Malagasy Miara Miainga (VPM MMM)
  • Other Parties
  • Independents

Last parliamentary election:

  • Elections to the National Assembly were last held on 16 December 2002. 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 19,371,031 (2007)
  • Registered Voters: 7,466,164 (2007)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 9,724,935 (2007)

·         Is Madagascar a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Madagascar ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 March 1989)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 154 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Madagascar a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)

·         Has Madagascar ratified CRPD: Yes (12 June 2015)

·         Population with a disability: 2,905,654 (est.)

 


[1] Marc RAVALOMANANA, the elected president, resigned on March 17, 2009, turning power over to the military. The military then named RAJOELINA president.

[2] The Parliament of Madagascar was dismissed on March 19, 2009 and replaced by an appointed transitional legislature on October 20, 2010 (see below).

[3] The Presidential appointees are chosen based on special judicial, economic, social or cultural competencies.

[4] Supports current President Andry RAJOELINA and presidential candidate Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA.