At stake in this election:
- 151 seats in the National Assembly and 33 seats in the Senate.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Marc RAVALOMANANA (22 February 2002 - 17 March 2009)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Charles RABEMANANJARA (20 January 2007 - 17 March 2009)
- Assembly: The Parliament of Madagascar consists of two chambers, the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat).
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
- In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 87 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 64 members are elected by single non-transferable vote in two-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms. In the Senate (Sénat), 22 members are appointed by regional legislatures to serve 5-year terms and 11 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- With President Andry Rajoelina / Miaraka amin’i Prezida Andry Rajoelina (MAPAR)
- Ravalomanana Movement / Mouvance Ravalomanana
- Vondrona Politika Miara dia Malagasy Miara Miainga (VPM MMM)
- Other Parties
Last parliamentary election:
- Elections to the National Assembly were last held on 16 December 2002.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 19,371,031 (2007)
- Registered Voters: 7,466,164 (2007)
· Female Population: 9,724,935 (2007)
· Is Madagascar a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Madagascar ratified CEDAW: Yes (17 March 1989)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 12 (following the 2007 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 154 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Madagascar a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)
· Has Madagascar ratified CRPD: Yes (12 June 2015)
· Population with a disability: 2,905,654 (est.)
 Marc RAVALOMANANA, the elected president, resigned on March 17, 2009, turning power over to the military. The military then named RAJOELINA president.
 The Parliament of Madagascar was dismissed on March 19, 2009 and replaced by an appointed transitional legislature on October 20, 2010 (see below).
 The Presidential appointees are chosen based on special judicial, economic, social or cultural competencies.
 Supports current President Andry RAJOELINA and presidential candidate Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA.