Republic of the Sudan: Referendum, 11-13 April 2016
At stake in this election:
- This referendum will determine if the Darfur region will reunite as a single entity with a semi-autonomous administration or remain divided in its 5 states as currently is.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993)
- Head of Government: President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993)
- Assembly: Sudan has a bicameral National Legislature consisting of the Majlis Weleyat (Council of States) with 50 seats and the Majlis Watani (National Assembly) with 426 seats.
- For the referendum to pass, a simple majority vote is required.
About the referendum:
- Both the Abuja Agreement (2006) and the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (2011) have stipulated that a referendum is to be held to determine the future status of the Darfur region. If the decision to reunite Darfur is chosen, the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority (TDRA) shall form a constitutional committee to determine the powers of Darfur’s regional government. If the option to remain divided in the 5 states is selected, the current administrative status will remain as is and the TDRA will be dissolved.
Main provisions in the referendum:
- This referendum will ask voters if they wish to change the status of Darfur to a single entity or for Darfur to remain divided in 5 states as it is currently.
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 36,108,853 (July 2015 est.)
· Registered Voters: 13,126,989 (2015)
· Female Population: 17,909,949 (July 2015 est.)
· Is Sudan a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Sudan ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: N/A
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 149 (30.91%)
· Human Development Index Position: 167 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)
· Is Sudan a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Sudan ratified CRPD: Yes (24 April 2009)
· Population with a disability: 5,416,328