Republic of Niger: Presidential Election (Second Round), 20 March 2016
At stake in this election:
- The office of the President of the Republic of Niger
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President ISSOUFOU Mahamadou (since 7 April 2011)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Brigi RAFINI (since 7 April 2011)
- Assembly: Niger has a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) with 113 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term. The President is limited to two 5-year terms.
- The first round of presidential elections were held on 21 February 2016. Incumbent ISSOUFOU Mahamadou took the most votes, but only won 48.44% and thus was unable to secure an absolute majority. This runoff election will be held between ISSOUFOU and runner-up Hama AMADOU.
Main candidates in the election:
- ISSOUFOU Mahamadou
- Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism / Parti Nigérien pour la Démocratie et le Socialism (PNDS)
- Hama AMADOU
- Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation / Mouvement Démocratique Nigérien pour une Fédération Africain (MODEN/FA)
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 18,045,729 (July 2015 est.)
- Registered Voters: 6,740,493 (January 2011)
- Female Population: 8,990,623 (July 2015 est.)
- Is Niger a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Niger ratified CEDAW: No
- Gender Quota: Yes
- Female candidates in this election: No
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 15 (13.27%) of 113
- Human Development Index Position: 188 (2014)
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very High (2014)
- Is Niger a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
- Has Niger ratified CRPD: Yes (24 June 2008)
- Population with a disability: 2,706,859 (July 2015 est.)
 Niger acceded to CEDAW on 8 October 1999.
 In parliamentary and local elections, the lists submitted by political parties, groups of political parties or groups of independent candidates should include candidates of both sexes. At the announcement of final results, the proportion of elected candidates of either sex should not be less than 10%’ (Article 3 of Law 2000/08 establishing a quota system for elected offices). Any political party or group of independent candidates that obtains at least 3 seats in a constituency must ensure the implementation of the 10% quota requirement (Decree 2001-056/PRN/MDSP/PF/PE of 28 February 2001 on the application of the quota law).