At stake in this election:
- 55 seats in the House of Assembly
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: King MSWATI III
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso DLAMINI
- Assembly: Swaziland has a bicameral Parliament (Libandla) consisting of the Senate with 30 seats and the House of Assembly with 66 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The King is hereditary head of state.
- Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch.
- In the Senate, 20 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 5-year terms and 10 members are elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve 5-year terms. In the House of Assembly, 10 members are appointed by the monarch to serve 4-year terms, 1 member is elected by the house as Speaker of the House, and 55 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**
** Elections to the House of Assembly are contested over 2 rounds. In the first round, all candidates nominated in the district contest the election; however, due to the election law of Swaziland, candidates are prohibited from campaigning for this election. The primary election was held on August 25, 2018.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Independent(s): Non-partisans*
Seats won in last House of Assembly election: 55
* Political parties are illegal in Swaziland. All candidates contest the election as non-partisans.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 1,391,385 (2018 est.)
- Registered Voters: 526,073 (June 2018)
- Female Population: 717,751 (2018 est.)
- Is Swaziland a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Swaziland ratified CEDAW: Yes (since 26 March 2004)
- Gender Quota: Yes
- Female candidates in this election: Yes
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 4
- Human Development Index Position: 148 (2016)
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Medium (2014)
- Is Swaziland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)
- Has Swaziland ratified CRPD: Yes (24 September 2012)
- Population with a disability: 215,342