Peru: Parliamentary Election, 10 April 2016
At stake in this election:
- 130 seats in the Congreso de la Republica del Peru (Congress of the Republic of Peru)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Ollanta HUMALA Tasso (since 28 July 2011)
- Head of Government: President Ollanta HUMALA Tasso (since 28 July 2011)
- Assembly: Peru has a unicameral Congreso de la Republica del Peru (Congress of the Republic of Peru) composed of 130 seats with members serving 5-year terms.
Description of electoral system:
- Members of Congress are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representative vote.
- The previous elections for the Congress of the Republic of Peru were held on 10 April 2011. The Peru Wins Alliance, led by President Humala, took 47 seats, while the Force 2011 Alliance, led by current presidential frontrunner Keiko Fujimori, took 37. In total, 6 parties gained seats in Congress.
Main candidates in the election:
- Peru Wins Alliance/Gana Perú
- Leader: Ollanta HUMALA Tasso
- Seats won in last election: 47
- Popular Force/Fuerza Popular
- Leader: Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi
- Seats won in last election: 38
- Peru Possible Party/Perú Possible
- Leader: Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique
- Seats won in last election: 21
- National Solidarity Alliance/Alianza Solidaridad Nacional
- Leader: Luis CASTANEDA Lossio
- Seats won in last election:8
- Peruvian Aprista Party (PAP)/Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana - Partido Aprista Peruano (PAP)
- Leader: Alan GARCIA Perez
- Seats won in last election: 4
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 30,444,999 (July 2015 est.)
· Registered Voters: 22,901,954 (April 2015)
· Female Population: 15,466,807 (July 2015 est.)
· Is Peru a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 July 1981)
· Has Peru ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1982)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 29 (22.31%)
· Human Development Index Position: 84 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)
· Is Peru a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Peru ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2008)
· Population with a disability: 4,566,750
 Peru Wins Alliance is a coalition consisting of the Peruvian Nationalist Party, the Socialist Party, Peruvian Communist Party, Revolutionary Socialist Party, and Political Movement Socialist Voice.
 The Popular Force party was previously referred to as Force 2011 Alliance.
 Peru Possible is a coalition of Accion Popular and Somos Peru.
 National Solidarity Alliance is a coalition composed of National Solidarity Party, Union for Peru, Cambio 90, Always Together, and Everyone for Peru.
 The gender quota for the Congress of the Republic of Peru requires that at least 30% of the candidate lists be women.