ElectionGudie

Nov. 30, 2014 Held

1,649,508
Voted
Moldova

Republic of Moldova

Election for Parlament (Moldovan Parliament)

Results

52%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:1,649,508
Valid Votes:1,598,560
Invalid Votes:50,948

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Party of Socialists 25 - 327,910

20.51%

Liberal Democratic Party 23 - 322,188

20.16%

Party of Communists 21 - 279,372

17.48%

Democratic Party of Moldova 19 - 252,489

15.80%

Liberal Party 13 - 154,507

9.67%

Seat Shares:

More Info:

At stake in this election:      

  • 101 seats in Moldova’s Parliament (Parlament)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Nicolae TIMOFTI (since 23 March 2012)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Lurie LEANCA (since 31 May 2013)
  • Assembly: Moldova has a unicameral Parliament (Parlament) with 101 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is indirectly elected by parliament to serve a 4-year term.*
  • The Prime Minister is designated by the President.
  • In the Parliament (Parlament) 101 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

* If no President is elected after a repeat election, the acting President dissolves Parliament, and there are new legislative elections. Parliament may be dissolved once per year.

** Moldova operates as a single constituency for 101 seats in parliament. To enter parliament there is a three percent threshold for independent candidates, six percent threshold for parties, and a twelve percent threshold for electoral blocs consisting of more than two political parties. An election is valid only if one-third of registered voters turn out.

Election Note:

On Sunday 30 November 2014, Moldova will hold an election for Parliament (Parlament). A total of 26 participants have registered in this election: 21 political parties, 1 electoral bloc and 4 independent candidates.

Main parties in the electoral race:

* The ruling coalition, Alliance for European Integration (AEI), lost a no-confidence vote on 5 March 2013. The Pro-European Coalition replaced the AEI.

** The PLDM is part of the Pro-European Coalition.
*** The PL is part of the Pro-European Coalition.
**** The PDM is part of the Pro-European Coalition.

 Last election:

  • The last election to Parliament (Parlament) in Moldova was held on 28 November 2010.[i] Turnout was 63.37 percent and 1,733,051 of 2,734,700 people casted ballots.[ii] The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) won 676,291 votes or 42 seats, while the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova won (PLDM) won 505,638 votes or 32 seats.[iii] Results can be seen here.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 3,583,288 (July 2014 est)[iv]
  • Registered Voters: 3, 072,000 (Apprx) *

* This increase in the number of voters since the 2010 parliamentary elections is the result of voters being included from the autonomous region of Transdniestria.  Moldova is currently in the process of verifying its voter lists, therefore the number of registered voters is currently an approximate figure.

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 1,841,841 (July 2014 est)[i]
  • Is Moldova a signatory to CEDAW: No.[ii]
  • Has Moldova ratified CEDAW: Yes (1 July 1994)[iii]
  • Gender Quota: No.[iv]
  • Female Candidates in this election: N/A
  • Number of Female Legislators: 19 (19%) of 101 seats in Moldova’s unicameral Parliament (Parlament).[v]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 114[vi]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: 29th out of 86 non-OECD countries (latest rankings are from 2012)[vii]

[i] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1576/

[ii] http://www.idea.int/vt/countryview.cfm?CountryCode=MD

[iii] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1576/

[iv] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html

[i] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html

[ii] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-8&chapter=4&lang=en

[iii] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-8&chapter=4&lang=en

[iv] http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/countryview.cfm?country=140

[v] http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/countryview.cfm?country=140

[vi] http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/hdr/2014-human-development-report/

[vii] http://genderindex.org/ranking