At stake in this election:
- 33 seats in the Senate
- 435 seats in the House of Representatives
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President William Jefferson CLINTON *
- Head of Government: President William Jefferson CLINTON
- Assembly: United States has a bicameral Congress consisting of the Senate with 100 seats and the House of Representatives with 435 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The president is popularly elected through a system involving the electoral college. Each state receives a number of electoral college votes based on the number of Senators it has plus the number of seats it has in the House, which is based on its population. A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes (270) to be elected president. The president serves a four-year term, with a maximum of two terms.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 100 members are elected by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 435 members are elected by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms.**
* The states of Georgia and Louisiana require an absolute majority of votes to be elected.
** The states of Georgia and Louisiana require an absolute majority of votes to be elected.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: Republican Party*
- Leader: Trent LOTT, Dennis HASTERT
- Seats won in this Senate election: 15
- Seats won in last Senate election: 16
- Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 221
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 223
- Party: Democratic Party**
- Leader: Thomas DASCHLE, Richard GEPHARDT
- Seats won in this Senate election: 19
- Seats won in last Senate election: 18
- Seats won in this House of Representatives election: 212
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 221
* The Republican Party lost four seats in this election (from 54 before) and now holds a total of 50 seats in the Senate.
** The Democratic Party gained four seats in this election (in addition to 46 seats before) and now holds a total of 50 seats in the Senate.
Last Legislative election:
- Legislative elections last held: November 3, 1998
Seats decided in the last election to the Senate: 34
Seats decided in the last election House of Representatives: 435
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 275,562,673 (July 2000 est. )
- Registered Voters: 141,850,558 ( 1998 - The figure excludes voters in North Dakota and Wisconsin.)
· Female Population: 142,965,028 (2000)
· Is United States a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has United States ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 13 (Senate); 61 (House) following the 2000 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 8 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is United States a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 July 2009)
· Has United States ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 41,334,400 (est.)