Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste: President, 20 March 2017
At stake in this election:
- The office of the President of Timor-Leste.
Note on the results: Only candidates who received more than 2% of the total vote are shown.
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Taur Matan RUAK (since 20 May 2012)
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Rui Maria de ARAUJO (16 February 2015)
- Assembly: Timor-Leste has a unicameral National Assembly of 65 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term with a 50% + 1 threshold system.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the majority seats in National Parliament.
- In the National Parliament 65 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.
- There is one, nationwide constituency and a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Each list must contain the names of 65 candidates and no fewer than 25 alternate candidates. In addition, every fourth candidate on a list must be female (Law 6/2006 Article 12).
- President Taur Matan RUAK of the National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction defeated Francisco GUTERRES of the Revolutionary Front of an Independent Timor-Leste.
Main candidates in the election:
- José Antonio de Jesus das SILVA
- Francisco 'Lu Olo' GUTERRES
- Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor/ Frente Revolusinaria de Timor-Leste Undependente (FRETILIN)
- Antono Maher LOPES
- Socialist Party of Timor/ Partido Socialista de Timor
- Maria Angela Freitas da SILVA
- Labor Party / Partido Trabalhista Timorense (PTT)
- Antonio Luis GUTERRES
- Democratic Party / Partido Democrático
- José Luis GUTERRES
- Front for the National Reconstruction of Timor-Leste/ Frente da Reconstrução nacional de Timor-Leste-Mudança (FM)
- Amorim VIEIRA
- Luis Alves TILMAN
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 1,261,072 (July 2016)
- Registered Voters: 744,613 (2017)
- Female Population: 628,865 (July 2016)
- Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No
- Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Yes (since 16 April 2003)
- Gender Quota: No
- Female candidates in this election: Yes
- Number of Female Parliamentarians: 25
- Human Development Index Position: 128
- Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)
- Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CRPD: No
- Has Timor-Leste ratified CRPD: No
- Population with a disability: 184,667