Dominican Republic: Parliamentary Elections, 15 May 2016
At stake in this election:
- 32 seats in the Senado (Senate)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (since 16 August 2012)
- Head of Government: President Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (since 16 August 2012)
- Assembly: Dominican Republic has a bicameral Congreso Nacional (National Congress) consisting of the Senado (Senate) with 32 seats and the Camara de Diputados (Chamber of Deputies) with 183 seats. Members of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies serve 4-year terms.
Description of electoral system:
- Members of the Senate are directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms.
- Elections for the Senate were last held on 16 May 2010. The Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) won 31 out of 32 seats, with the remaining seat going to the Social Christian Reformist Party (PRSC).
Main parties in the election:
- Dominican Liberation Party (PLD)/Partido de la Liberacion Dominicana
- Leader: Leonel FERNANDEZ
- Seats won in the last election: 31
- Social Christian Reformist Party (PRSC)/Partido Reformista Social Cristiano
- Leader: Federico Antun BATLLE
- Seats won in the last election: 1
- Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD)/Partido Revolucionario Dominicano
- Leader: Miguel VARGAS
- Seats won in last election: N/A
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 10,478,756 (July 2015 est.)
· Registered Voters: 6,502,968 (2012)
· Female Population: 5,173,950 (July 2015 est.)
· Is Dominican Republic a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has Dominican Republic ratified CEDAW: Yes (2 September 1982)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 41 (19.07%)
· Human Development Index Position: 101 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2014)
· Is Dominican Republic a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Dominican Republic ratified CRPD: Yes (18 August 2009)
· Population with a disability: 1,571,813
 Elections were last held in 2010, and the current term was extend to 6 years to synchronize congressional and presidential elections. Following the 2016 election, terms will revert to a 4-year period.
 Although there are numerous other political parties in the Dominican Republic, the Senate has most often been populated by these three parties.
 The Dominican Republic has a gender quota for the Chamber of Deputies but not for the Senate. The gender quota requires that political parties must include at least 33% female candidates on the candidate list.
 There are 38 women serving in the Chamber of Deputies (20.77%) and 3 women in the Senate (9.38%).