ElectionGudie

Dec. 19, 1999 Held

65,370,655
Voted
Russia

Russian Federation

Election for Gosudarstvennaya Duma (Russian Federal Duma)

Results

60%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:65,370,655
Valid Votes:65,240,663
Invalid Votes:129,992

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation 114 13,768,489

24.50%

Inter-Regional Movement/Unity 72 13,206,502

23.50%

Fatherland-All Russia Party 66 7,501,803

13.30%

Union of Right Forces 29 4,929,721

8.80%

Others 106 4,860,367

8.60%

Russian Democratic Party Yabloko 21 3,470,197

6.20%

Zhirinovsky Bloc 17 3,430,619

6.10%

Communist Workers Russia for the Soviet Union - - 1,263,869

2.20%

Women of Russia - - 1,164,428

2.10%

Russian Pensioner's Party 1 1,131,107

2.00%

Our Home is Russia 7 682,051

1.20%

Congress of Russian Communities 1 352,862

0.60%

All-Russian Political Movement in Support of the Army 2 336,604

0.60%

Russian Socialist Party 1 135,710

0.20%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 450 seats in the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Boris Nikolayevich YEL'TSIN
  • Head of Government: Premier Yevgeniy Maksimovich PRIMAKOV
  • Assembly: Russia has a bicameral Federal Assembly (Federalnoye Sobraniye) consisting of the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) with 178 seats and the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma) with 450 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term.
  • The Premier is appointed by the President.
  • In the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) 178 members are appointed to serve 4-year terms*. In the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma), 225 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms and 225 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.**

* Members appointed by the top executive and legislative officials in each of the 89 federal administrative units.

** There is a 5% threshold in the proportional tier.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF)
    • Leader: Gennady ZYUGANOV
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 113
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: 157
  • Party: Unity or The Bear / Edinstvo / Medved
    • Leader: Vladimir RYZHKOV
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 73
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: N/A
  • Party: Fatherland-All Russia Party (OVR)***
    • Leader: LUZHKOV and Yevgeny PRIMAKOV
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 68
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: N/A
  • Party: Union of Right Forces
    • Leader: Sergi KIRIYENKO and Boris NEMTSON
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 29
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: 0
  • Bloc: Zhirinovsky Bloc*****
    • Leader: Vladimir ZHIRINOVSKY
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 17
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: N/A
  • Party: Our Home is Russia (NDR)
    • Leader: Vladimir RYZHKOV
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 7
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: 55
  • Party: Yabloko
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 20
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: N/A
  • Party: Other Candidates and Votes Against All Candidates
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this State Duma election: 115
    • Seats won in last State Duma election: N/A

*** The Agrarian Party, which gained 20 seats in the last election to the Gosudarstvennaya Duma, has aligned itself wiht the OVR.
***** The Liberal Democratic Party lead by Vladimir Zhrinovsky gained 51 seats in the last election to the Gosudarstvennaya Duma.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 147,214,392 (1999)
  • Registered Voters: 107,239,000 (1999)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 78,265,048 (1999)

·         Is Russia a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Russia ratified CEDAW: Yes (23 January 1981)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 34 (State Duma) following the 1999 elections

·         Human Development Index Position: 50 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Russia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (24 September 2008)

·         Has Russia ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 22,082,158 (est.)