ElectionGudie

April 2, 2017 Confirmed

Armenia

Republic of Armenia

Election for Azgayin Zhoghov (Armenian National Assembly)

More Info:

Republic of Armenia: National Assembly, 2 April 2017

At stake in this election:

  • 101 seats in the unicameral National Assembly

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State:  President Serzh SARGSIAN (since 9 April 2008)
  • Head of Government:  Prime Minister Karen KARAPETYAN (since 13 September 2016)
  • Assembly:  Armenia has a unicameral National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) with 101 seats.[1]

Description of electoral system:

  • A referendum passed in 2015 changed the electoral system from a mixed system to a proportional representation system with a "stable parliamentary majority" stipulation.
    • The 101 seats are awarded proportionally to political parties.
    • There will be a second round of voting if no party or alliance achieves a "stable parliamentary majority" of 54% in the first round. Coalition talks are held after the first round if the 54% is not reached and coalitions of up to two parties may be formed. If 28 days after the fist round election day a stable parliamentary majority is not reached by any coalition a second round of voting will be held between the two parties which received the most votes.
  • Political parties must surpass a 5% threshold and alliances a 7% threshold to win seats.

Last Election:

  • The coalition of the Republican Party of Armenia and Orinats Yerkir (Rule of Law Party) won 112 of 131 contested seats. The largest opposition party, the Armenian National Congress, won 7 seats while the remaining 12 seats were split among three additional parties.

Main candidates in the election:

  • Armenian Revolutionary Federation / Hay Heghapokhakan Dashnaktsutyun
    • Leaders: Armen ROUSTAMIAN and Hrant MARKARIAN
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Communist Party of Armenia / Hayastani Komunistakan Kusaktsutyun
    • Leader: Tachat SARGSYAN
    • Seats won in last election:  0
  • Ohanyan-Raffi-Oskanyan Parties Alliance
    • Leader: Seyran OHANYAN, Vartan OSKANIAN and Raffi HOVANISSIAN
    • Seats won in last election:  5[2]
  • Republican Party of Armenia / Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun
    • Leader: Serzh SARGSIAN
    • Seats won in last election:  69
  • Way Out Parties Alliance (Bright Armenia, Republic and Civil Contract parties) / Yelk (Hanrapetutyun, Lusavor Hayastan, Kaghakatsiakan Paymanagir)
    • Leader: Edmon MARUKYAN, Armen SARGSYAN and Nikol PASHINIAN
    • Seats won in last election:  0
  • Free Democrats Party
    • Leader: Khachatur KOKOBELYAN
    • Seats won in last election:  0
  • Tsarukyan Parties Alliance
    • Leader: Gagik TSARUKYAN
    • Seats won in last election:  37[3]
  • Armenian Renaissance Party / Haykakan veratsnund
    • Leader: Artur BAGHDASARYAN
    • Seats won in last election:  6[4]
  • Congress-PPA Parties Alliance / Kongres-Hayastani Zhoghovrdakan Kusaktsutyun
    • Leader: Levon TER-PETROSYAN
    • Seats won in last election:  7[5]

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 3,051,250 (July 2016)
  • Registered Voters: 2,509,434 (February 2013)

Gender Data:

  • Female Population:  1,574,246 (2016)
  • Is Armenia a signatory to CEDAW:  Yes
  • Has Armenia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (13 September 1993)
  • Gender Quota:  Yes; 25% of candidates must be women[6] and no more than 70% of candidates on district lists may be the same gender.
  • Female candidates in this election:  Yes
  • Number of Female Parliamentarians:  14
  • Human Development Index Position:  85 (2014)
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization:  High (2014)

Disability Data:

  • Is Armenia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
  • Has Armenia ratified CRPD:  Yes (22 September 2010)
  • Population with a disability:  458,457[7]

 

 

[1] A referendum passed in 2015 reduced the parliament from 131 seats, of which 90 were awarded proportionately, to 101 seats.

[2] The Heritage Party, which is a member of the Alliance, won 5 seats in the 2012 elections.

[3] Alliance member "Propsperous Armenia" Party was awarded 37 seats in the 2012 elections.

[4] Formally the Rule of Law party, which won 6 seats in the 2012 election.

[5] The Armenian National Congress Party was awarded 7 seats in 2012. They have since allied with the People's Party of Armenia.

[6] The quota will increase to 30% in 2021

[7] Calculated using the WHO 15% estimate.