United States of America: Legislative Election, 8 November 2016
At stake in this election:
- 435 seats in the House of Representatives
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009)
- Head of Government: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009)
- Assembly: The United States has a bicameral Congress consisting of the Senate with 100 seats and the House of Representatives with 435 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- Members of the House of Representatives are directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, with members serving 2-year terms.
Note: The state of Georgia is the only exception, which requires an absolute majority vote for election.
- Elections for the House of Representatives were last held on 4 November 2014. The Republican Party won 247 seats and the Democratic Party won 188.
Main parties in the election:
- Democratic Party
- Leader: Harry REID (Senate); Nancy Pelosi (House)
- Seats won in last election: 188
- Republican Party
- Leader: Mitch MCCONNELL (Senate); Paul Ryan (House)
- Seats won in last election: 247
Population and number of registered voters:
· Population: 323,995,528 (July 2016 est.)
· Registered Voters: 190,669,639 (2014)
· Female Population: 164,304,770 (July 2016 est.)
· Is the United States a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has the United States ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 84 (House of Representatives); 4 (Senate)
· Human Development Index Position: 8
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is the United States a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 July 2009)
· Has the United States ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 48,599,329 (est.)