ElectionGudie

Nov. 27, 2014 Held

40,727
Voted
Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga

Election for Fale Alea (Tongan Legislative Assembly)

Results

79%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:40,727
Valid Votes:40,622
Invalid Votes:105

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands 9 - -

52.94%

Independents 8 - -

47.00%

Seat Shares:

More Info:

At stake in this election:      

  • 17 seats in Tonga’s Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King TUPOU VI (since 18 March 2012) *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Lord Siale’ataonga TU’IVAKANO (since 22 December 2010)
  • Assembly: Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea) with 26 seats.

* King George TUPOV V died on 18 March 2012 in Hong Kong. He was succeeded by his brother Crown Prince TUPOUTO’A Lavaka, who took the throne name TUPOU VI.

Description of electoral system:

  • The King is hereditary
  • The Prime Minister is elected by and from members of parliament and appointed by the monarch.
  • Tonga has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea), in which 9 members are elected by hereditary state rulers to serve 4-year terms and 17 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.

Election Note:

On Thursday 27 November 2014, Tonga will hold an election for the Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea).

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party:  Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands / Paati Temokalati 'a e 'Otu Motu 'Anga'ofa
    • Leader: Samuela 'Akilisi POHIVA; Seats in last election: 12.
  • Party: Independents
    • Leader: N/A; Seats in last election: 5.
  • Party: People's Democratic Party (PDP)
    • Leader: N/A; Seats in last election: N/A.
  • Party: Sustainable Nation-Building Party / Paati Langafonua Tu'uloa
    • Leader: Sione FONUA; Seats in last election: N/A.
  • Party: Tonga Democratic Labour Party
    • Leader: N/A; Seats in last election: N/A.

Last election:

  • The last election to the Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea) in Tonga was held on 25 November 2010.[i] Turnout was 90.85 percent and 38,516 of 42,395 people casted ballots.[ii] The Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands won 10,953 votes or 28.49 percent, but with appointed seats, the party won a total of 12 seats.[iii] Independents won 25,873 votes or 67.30 percent of the vote, but won only 5 seats.[iv]

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 106,440 (July 2014 est)[v]
  • Registered Voters: 42,395 (November 2010)[vi]

Gender Data:

  • Female Population: 53,041 (July 2014 est)[i]
  • Is Tonga a signatory to CEDAW: N/A[ii]
  • Has Tonga ratified CEDAW: N/A[iii]
  • Gender Quota: No.[iv]
  • Female Candidates in this election: 11[v]
  • Number of Female Legislators: 1 (3.6%) of 26 seats in Tonga’s unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fale Alea).[vi]
  • Human Development Index (HDI) Position: 100[vii]
  • Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Ranking: Not Ranked (latest rankings are from 2012)[viii]

[i] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1574/

[ii] http://www.idea.int/vt/countryview.cfm?CountryCode=TO

[iii] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1574/

[iv] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1574/

[v] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html

[vi] http://www.electionguide.org/elections/id/1574/

[i] https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html

[ii] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-8&chapter=4&lang=en

[iii] https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-8&chapter=4&lang=en

[iv] http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm

[v] http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/programmes/datelinepacific/audio/20154918/16-women-to-contest-tonga-election

[vi] http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm

[vii] http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/hdr/2014-human-development-report/

[viii] http://genderindex.org/ranking