ElectionGudie

May 25, 2014 Held

7,157,498
Voted
Belgium

Kingdom of Belgium

Election for Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Representants (Belgian Chamber of Representatives)

Results

84%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:7,157,498
Valid Votes:6,745,059
Invalid Votes:412,439

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

New Flemish Alliance 33 - 1,366,414

20.26%

Socialist Party (Walloon) 23 - 787,165

11.67%

Christian Democrats and Flemish 18 - 783,060

11.61%

Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats 14 - 659,582

9.78%

Francophone Reformist Movement 20 - 650,290

9.64%

Socialist Party Differently 13 - 595,486

8.83%

Green 6 - 358,947

5.32%

Humanist Democratic Centre 9 - 336,281

4.99%

Workers' Party 2 - 251,289

3.72%

Flemish Interest 3 - - 247,746

3.67%

Ecologist (Francophone) 6 - 222,551

3.30%

Francophone Democratic Federalists 2 - 121,403

1.80%

People's Party 1 - 102,599

1.51%

Libertarian, Direct, Democratic - - 28,414

0.42%

Seat Shares:

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives of Belgium

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: King PHILIPPE[1]
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Elio DI RUPO
  • Assembly: Belgium has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate (Senaat / Senat) with 71 seats and the Chamber of Representatives (Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Representants) with 150 seats.[2]

Description of electoral system:

  • In the Chamber of Representatives (Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Representants), 150 members are elected through a flexible-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms. There are 11 multi-member constituencies. Electors are given a list of candidates from each party. They may either vote for this list, backing the party's order, or cast a preferential vote for a specific candidate. Preferential votes have the ability to move candidates up and down the list order. In addition to a regular candidate list, parties provide a list of alternate candidates. These alternate candidates take office if a regular candidate takes a position as a minister. Although voters choosing to elect more than one preferential candidate, all votes must be for the same party. Party-lists must provide an equal number of male and female candidates. In addition, the first two candidates presented on a list must be from different genders. Following the first two names, however, parties may order their candidates as they choose, without regard to gender. There is a 5 percent minimum threshold for each party to reach in each district in 8 of the 11 constituencies.

Election Note:

  • A series of institutional reforms were agreed upon during government formation negotiations in October 2011, sometimes referred to as the Butterfly Agreement. The Agreement has several provisions that pertain to the electoral system. First, term lengths were increased from 4 years to 5 years. Second, the Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde district was abolished, replaced by one district for Flemish Brabant one district for Brussels Capital Region. Inhabitants of the Brussels Capital Regional can now only vote for lists that are registered in that region. Lastly, the system in which some senators were directly elected was replaced by a system of indirect election only. The state reforms also require parliamentary elections to be held on the same day as elections to the European parliament, which also occur once every 5 years. Regional elections will also be held on this day.
  • The last election to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives was held on 13 June 2010. Results can be found here. The snap elections were called when the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats, under Alexander DE CROO, withdrew itself from the government coalition on 22 April 2010, only five months into the parliament’s term, in protest of its failure to resolve the issue of Brussels’s electoral representation. The subsequent government formation took a record 541 days and resulted in the sixth Belgian State Reform. Finally, on 6 December 2011, a new government coalition was formed between the Socialist Party, Christian Democratic and Flemish party, Reformist Movement, Socialist Party Different, Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats, and the Humanist Democratic Centre. Elio DI RUPO became the first Prime Minister from the French Community since 1974.

Main parties in this electoral race:

Population and Voter Registration:

  • Population: 10,499,361 (2014 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 7,966,698 (2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 5,712,509 (2014)

·         Is Belgium a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Belgium ratified CEDAW: Yes (10 July 1985)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 59 (Chamber of Representatives); 27 (Senate) (following 2014 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 21 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Very Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Belgium a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Belgium ratified CRPD: Yes (2 July 2009)

·         Population with a disability: 1,574,904 (est.)


[1] On 21 July 2013, King ALBERT II abdicated the throne. He is succeeded by his eldest son PHILIPPE.

[2] Presently the Senate has 71 seats. Following the election, in line with the scheduled institutional reforms, the size of the Senate will be reduced to 60 seats.

[3] In the Brussels-Capital constituency, Groen will run on a joint list with Ecolo. Ecolo will be the name of the party ticket in Brussels-Capital.

[4] LDD will only present a candidate list in West Flanders

[5] The FDF was a member of the MR during the 2010 election, but left the MR in 2011 due to disputes over the protection of French-speakers in the Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde district. The FDF currently has 3 seats in the Chamber of Representatives.

[6] The PVDA-PTB will present a joint list in all 11 constituencies.