At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Lebanon
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Emile LAHOUD *
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Fouad SINIORA
- Assembly: Lebanon has a unicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-Nuwab) with 128 seats.
* On September 3, 2004, the Chamber of Deputies introducted a one-time amendment to the Constitution to extend Emile LAHOUD's six-year term by three years.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by the National Assembly to serve a 6-year term.
- In the National Assembly (Majlis al-Nuwab) 128 members are elected by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportion to serve 4-year terms.***
*** In the Chamber of Deputies, Deputies are elected by popular vote on the basis of a plural-majoritarian system with regional and confessional quotas to serve to serve four-year terms (50% of seats are reserved for Muslim Deputies and 50% of seats are reserved for Christian Deputies).
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Nassib LAHOUD
- Party: Democratic Renewal Movement (affiliated with pro-government bloc)
- Boutros HARB
- Party: Independent (affiliated with pro-government bloc)
- General Michel AOUN
- Party: Free Patriotic Movement
- General Michel SULEIMAN****
- Party: None
- Riad SALAMEH
- Party: None
**** Current Head of the Lebanese Armed Forces.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 4,109,389 (2008)
- Registered Voters: 3,002,028 (May 2005)
· Female Population: 2,009,595 (2008)
· Is Lebanon a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Lebanon ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (16 April 1997)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 6 (following the 2005 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 67 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)
· Is Lebanon a signatory to CRPD: Yes (14 June 2007)
· Has Lebanon ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 616,408 (est.)