ElectionGudie

April 9, 2006 Held

14,632,003
Voted
Peru

Republic of Peru

Election for President

Results

74%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:14,632,003
Valid Votes:12,275,385
Invalid Votes:619,573

Candidates:

Ollanta HUMALA Tasso3,758,258

30.62

Alan GARCIA Pérez2,985,858

24.32

Lourdes FLORES Nano2,923,280

23.81

Other Candidates989,413

8.06

Martha CHAVEZ912,420

7.43

Valentín PANIAGUA706,156

5.75

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • The office of President of Peru

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique
  • Head of Government: President Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique
  • Assembly: Peru has a unicameral Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica) with 120 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la Republica) 120 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.

Main Candidates in the Second Round of the Presidential race:

* PAP is also known by its original name the American Revolutionary People's Alliance (Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana -APRA).
** Ollanta Humala is the leader of the Peruvian Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Peruano PNP), but is running under the Union for Peru (Unión por el Perú) banner.

Main Candidates in the First Round of the Presidential race:

  • Ollanta HUMALA Tasso*
    • Party: Union for Peru / Unión por el Perú
  • Alan GARCIA Pérez**
    • Party: Peruvian Aprista Party / Partido Aprista Peruano (PAP)
  • Lourdes FLORES Nano***
    • Coalition: National Unity / Unidad Nacional (UN)
  • Martha CHAVEZ****
    • Alliance: Alliance for the Future / Alianza por el Futuro (AF 2006)
  • Valentín PANIAGUA*****
    • Alliance: Center Front / Frente de Centro (AFC)
  • Other Candidates
    • Party: N/A

* Ollanta Humala is the leader of the Peruvian Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Peruano PNP), but is running under the Union for Peru (Unión por el Perú) banner.
** PAP is also known by its original name the American Revolutionary People's Alliance (Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana -APRA).
*** In 2000, Lourdes Flores led the Christian People's Party (PPC) in joining with the Renewal Party (Partido Renovación) and the Party of National Solidarity (Partido Solidaridad Nacional) to form the National Unity (Unidad Nacional) electoral alliance.
**** AF 2006 is made up of an alliance between Change 90 (Cambio 90) and the New Majority party (Nueva Mayoría - NM).
***** AFC is a coalition formed by the Popular Action party (Acción Popular - AP), We are Peru (Somos Peru - SP), and the National Coordination of Independents (Coordinadora Nacional de Independientes CNI).

Last Presidential election:

  • The last presidential election was held on April 8, 2001, with a runoff election held on June 3, 2001. In the runoff, Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique was elected president with 53.1% of the vote against Alan GARCIA with 46.9%. These elections took place four years ahead of schedule.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 27,949,958 (2006)
  • Registered Voters: 16,494,906 (April 2006)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 13,984,307 (2006)

·         Is Peru a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (23 July 1981)

·         Has Peru ratified CEDAW: Yes (13 September 1982)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 35 (following the 2006 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 84 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Peru a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Peru ratified CRPD: Yes (30 January 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 4,192,493 (est.)