At stake in this election:
- The office of President of Portugal
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Jorge SAMPAIO
- Head of Government: Prime Minister Antonio Manuel de Oliviera GUTERRES
- Assembly: Portugal has a unicameral Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) with 230 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
- In the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da Republica) 230 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***
*** There are 22 multi-member districts. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- Jorge SAMPAIO
- Party: Socialist Party / (PS)
- Joaquim Ferreira do AMARAL
- Party: Social Democratic Party / (PSD)
- António ABREU
- Party: Portuguese Communist Party (PCP)
- Fernando ROSAS
- Party: Left Bloc
- Garcia PEREIRA
- Party: Portuguese Workers Communist Party/ Proletarian Portuguese Revolutionary Movement / (PCTP/MRPP)
Last Presidential election:
- Presidential elections were last held on January 14, 1996. President Jorge SAMPAIO received 53.8% of the vote, thereby defeating Anibal CAVACO SILVA, his closest competitor, with 43.2% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 10,362,722 (2001)
- Registered Voters: 8,932,106 (2001)
· Female Population: 5,359,377 (2001)
· Is Portugal a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (24 April 1980)
· Has Portugal ratified CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980)
· Gender Quota: Yes
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 43 (following the 1999 elections)
· Human Development Index Position: 43 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is Portugal a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Portugal ratified CRPD: Yes (23 September 2009)
· Population with a disability: 1,554,408 (est.)