At stake in this election:
- The office of President of United States
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President William Jefferson CLINTON *
- Head of Government: President William Jefferson CLINTON
- Assembly: United States has a bicameral Congress consisting of the Senate with 100 seats and the House of Representatives with 435 seats.
* The president is both the chief of state and head of government. The president is popularly through a system involving the electoral college. Each state receives a number of electoral college votes equal to its two Senators it has plus its number of seats it has in the House of Representatives, which is based on its population. A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes (at least 270) to be elected president. The president serves a four-year term, for a maximum of two terms.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate 100 members are elected by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms*. In the House of Representatives 435 members are elected by simple majority vote to serve 2-year terms.**
* The states of Georgia and Louisiana require an absolute majority of votes to be elected.
** The states of Georgia and Louisiana require an absolute majority of votes to be elected.
Main Candidates in the Presidential race:
- George W. BUSH*
- Party: The Republican Party
- Albert GORE, Jr.**
- Party: The Democratic Party
- Ralph NADER
- Party: Green Party
- Patrick BUCHANAN
- Party: The Reform Party
* George W. Bush received 271 votes in the electoral college.
** Albert GORE, Jr. received 266 votes in the electoral college.
Last Presidential election:
- Presidential Elections were last held on November 5, 1996. President William CLINTON received 49.2% of the vote, thereby defeating Robert DOLE, his closest competitor, with 40.7% of the vote.
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 275,562,673 (July 2000 est. )
- Registered Voters: 141,850,558 ( 1998 The figure excludes voters in North Dakota and Wisconsin.)
· Female Population: 142,965,028 (2000)
· Is United States a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)
· Has United States ratified CEDAW: No
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: No
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 13 (Senate); 61 (House) following the 2000 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 8 (2014)
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A
· Is United States a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 July 2009)
· Has United States ratified CRPD: No
· Population with a disability: 41,334,400 (est.)