ElectionGudie

July 7, 2012 Held

482,792
Voted
Timor-Leste

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Election for Timorese National Parliament

Results

73%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:482,792
Valid Votes:471,389
Invalid Votes:11,403

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction 30 - 172,831

36.66%

Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor 25 - 140,786

29.87%

Democratic Party 8 - 48,851

10.36%

Front for National Reconstruction of Timor-Leste - Change 2 - 14,648

3.11%

Party of National Unity for the Children of Timor - - 13,998

2.97%

Socialist Party of Timor - - 11,379

Social Democratic Party - - 10,158

2.15%

National Development Party - - 9,386

1.99%

Timorese Social Democratic Association - - 8,487

1.80%

National Unity of Timorese Resistence - - 7,041

1.49%

Timorese Democratic Union - - 5,332

1.13%

Republican Party - - 4,270

0.91%

PLPA/PDRT - - 4,012

0.85%

Timorese Popular Monarchist Association - - 3,968

0.84%

National Unity Party - - 3,191

0.68%

Proclaimer Bloc - - 3,125

0.66%

Democratic Alliance - - 2,622

0.56%

Timorese Democratic Party - - 2,561

0.54%

Liberal Democratic Party - - 2,222

0.47%

People's Development Party - - 1,904

0.40%

Christian Democratic Party - - 887

0.19%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 65 seats in the National Parliament

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Taur Matan RUAK
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO
  • Assembly: Timor-Leste has a unicameral National Parliament with 65 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the National Parliament 65 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.***

*** There is one, nationwide constituency and a 3 percent threshold for entering parliament. Each list must contain the names of 65 candidates and no fewer than 25 alternate candidates. In addition, every fourth candidate on a list must be female. (Law 6/2006 Article 12 (3) Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor / Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (FReTiLIn)
    • Leader: Francisco "Lu Olo" GUTERRES
    • Seats won in last election: 21
  • Party: National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction / Conselho Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor (CNRT)
    • Leader: Xanana GUSMAO
    • Seats won in last election: 18
  • Party: Timorese Social Democratic Association / Associação Social-Democrata Timorense (ASDT)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Socialist Party of Timor / Partido Socialista de Timor (PST)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Democratic Party / Partido Democrático (PD)
    • Leader: Fernando de ARAJUO
    • Seats won in last election: 8
  • Party: Front for National Reconstruction of Timor-Leste - Change / Frente de Reconstrução Nacional de Timor-Leste - Mudança
    • Leader: José Luís GUTERRES
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Party of National Unity for the Children of Timor / Kmanek Habduras Unidade Nasional Timor Oan
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Social Democratic Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: National Development Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: National Unity of Timorese Resistence / União Nacional Democrática de Resistência Timorense (UNDERTIM)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 2
  • Party: Timorese Democratic Union
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Republican Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Coalition: PLPA/PDRT / Partido Liberta Povo Aileba/Partido Democratika Republica de Timor
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Timorese Popular Monarchist Association / Associação Popular Monarquia Timorense (APMT)
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: National Unity Party / Partido Unidade Nacional
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 3
  • Coalition: Proclaimer Bloc / Coligação Bloco Proclamador****************
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Coalition: Democratic Alliance*****************
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 2
  • Party: Timorese Democratic Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Liberal Democratic Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: People's Development Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Christian Democratic Party
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in last election: 0

**************** Comprises the Millennium Democratic Party and PARENTIL.
***************** Comprises the Association of Timorese Heroes and Labor Party of East Timor.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,201,255 (July 2012)
  • Registered Voters: 645,624 (July 2012)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 565,391 (2012)

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CEDAW: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (16 April 2003)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 25 (following the 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 133 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is Timor-Leste a signatory to CRPD: No

·         Has Timor-Leste ratified CRPD: No

·         Population with a disability: 172,343 (est.)