ElectionGudie

March 11, 2012 Held

2,369,450
Voted
El Salvador

Republic of El Salvador

Election for Asamblea Legislativa (Salvadorian Legislative Assembly)

Results

53%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,369,450
Valid Votes:2,253,696
Invalid Votes:115,754

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Nationalist Republican Alliance 33 - 897,054

39.80%

Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front 31 - 827,522

36.72%

Grand Alliance for National Unity 11 - 217,447

9.65%

National Coalition 6 - 168,209

7.46%

Party of Hope 1 - 61,772

2.74%

Democratic Change 1 - 47,747

2.12%

CN-Pes 1 - 31,385

1.39%

People's Party - - 11,132

0.49%

National Liberal Party - - 11,132

0.49%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Mauricio FUNES Cartagena
  • Head of Government: President Mauricio FUNES Cartagena
  • Assembly: El Salvador has a unicameral Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) with 84 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 84 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 3-year terms.***

*** 64 seats are awarded through 14 multi-member constituencies (3 to 16 seats), each corresponding to the country's departments. The remaining 20 seats are awarded in one national constituency. starting in 2012, independent or non-party candidates will also be able to participate in legislative elections. Until 2009, electors could only cast a ballot for a single list. However, a 2011 Supreme Court ruling resulted in voters being allowed to choose one or more candidates in a single list, or one non-party candidate. Seats are distributed in each constituency according to a Hare quota. Renaming seats are are distributed according to the largest remainder method.

Main parties in the electoral race:

*** GANA was formed after the last election by defectors from ARENA.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 6,072,233 (2012)
  • Registered Voters: 4,226,479 (January 2009)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 3,211,020 (2012)

·         Is El Salvador a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (14 November 1980)

·         Has El Salvador ratified CEDAW: Yes (19 August 1981)

·         Gender Quota: Yes

·         Female candidates in this election: No

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 23 (following the 2012 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 116 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is El Salvador a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has El Salvador ratified CRPD: Yes (14 December 2007)

·         Population with a disability: 910,834 (est.)