ElectionGudie

March 18, 2007 Held

2,790,752
Voted
Finland

Republic of Finland

Election for Eduskunta (Finnish Parliament)

Results

68%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,790,752
Valid Votes:2,771,236
Invalid Votes:19,516

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Center Party of Finland 51 - 640,428

23.11%

National Coalition Party 50 - 616,841

22.26%

Social Democratic Party of Finland 45 - 594,194

21.44%

Left Wing Alliance 17 - 244,296

8.82%

Green League 15 - 234,429

8.46%

Christian Democrats in Finland 7 - 134,790

4.86%

Swedish People's Party in Finland 9 - 126,520

4.57%

True Finns 5 - 112,256

4.05%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 200 seats in the Parliament (Eduskunta)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Tarja HALONEN
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Matti VANHANEN
  • Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Center Party of Finland (KESK)
    • Leader: Matti VANHANEN
    • Seats won in this election: 51
    • Seats won in last election: 55
  • Party: National Coalition Party (KOK)
    • Leader: Jyrki KATAINEN
    • Seats won in this election: 50
    • Seats won in last election: 40
  • Party: Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
    • Leader: Eero HEINALUOMA
    • Seats won in this election: 45
    • Seats won in last election: 53
  • Party: Left Wing Alliance (VAS)****
    • Leader: Martti KORHONEN
    • Seats won in this election: 17
    • Seats won in last election: 19
  • Party: Green League (VIHR)
    • Leader: Tarja CRONBERG
    • Seats won in this election: 15
    • Seats won in last election: 14
  • Party: Christian Democrats in Finland (KD)
    • Leader: Paivi RASANEN
    • Seats won in this election: 7
    • Seats won in last election: 7
  • Party: Swedish People's Party in Finland (SFP)
    • Leader: Stefan WALLIN
    • Seats won in this election: 9
    • Seats won in last election: 8
  • Party: True Finns (PeruSS)
    • Leader: Timo SOINI
    • Seats won in this election: 5
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Party: Other Parties
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: 1

**** The Left Alliance (VAS) is composed of People's Democratic League and Democratic Alternative.

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held on 16 March 2003.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 5,288,720 (2007)
  • Registered Voters: 4,083,549 (March 2007 )

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,697,874 (2007)

·         Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 84 (following the 2007 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 24 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 793,308 (est.)