ElectionGudie

March 16, 2003 Held

2,815,700
Voted
Finland

Republic of Finland

Election for Eduskunta (Finnish Parliament)

Results

66%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,815,700
Valid Votes:2,791,757
Invalid Votes:23,943

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Center Party of Finland 55 - 689,391

24.69%

Social Democratic Party of Finland 53 - 683,223

24.47%

National Coalition Party 40 - 517,904

18.55%

Left Alliance 19 - 277,152

9.93%

Green League 14 - 223,564

8.01%

Christian League of Finland 7 - 148,987

5.34%

Swedish People's Party in Finland 8 - 128,824

4.61%

True Finns 3 - 43,816

1.57%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 200 seats in the Parliament (Eduskunta)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Tarja HALONEN
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Paavo LIPPONEN
  • Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Center Party of Finland (KESK/CENT)
    • Leader: Anneli JÄÄTTEENMÄKI
    • Seats won in last election: 48
  • Party: Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP)
    • Leader: Paavo LIPPONEN
    • Seats won in last election: 51
  • Party: National Coalition Party
    • Leader: Ville ITÄLÄ
    • Seats won in last election: 46
  • Party: Left Alliance (VAS)
    • Leader: Suvi-Anne SIIMES
    • Seats won in last election: 20
  • Party: Green League
    • Leader: Osmo SOININVAARA
    • Seats won in last election: 11
  • Party: Christian Democrats
    • Leader: Bjarne KALLIS
    • Seats won in last election: 10
  • Party: Swedish People's Party of Finland (SFP)
    • Leader: Jan-Erik ENESTAM
    • Seats won in last election: 11
  • Party: Finns Party
    • Leader: Hannu PURHO
    • Seats won in last election: 1
  • Alliance: Åland Coalition
    • Seats won in last election: 1

Population and registered voters:

  • Population: 5,213,014 (2003)
  • Registered Voters: 4,220,951 (2003)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,664,745 (2000)

·         Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 75 (following the 2003 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 24 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 781,952 (est.)