ElectionGudie

March 2, 2003 Held

500,686
Voted
Estonia

Republic of Estonia

Election for Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament)

Results

58%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:500,686
Valid Votes:494,888
Invalid Votes:5,798

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Center Party 28 - 125,709

25.40%

Res Publica 28 - 121,856

24.62%

Reform Party 19 - 87,551

17.70%

People's Union 13 - 64,463

13.00%

Pro Patria Union 7 - 36,169

7.30%

United People's Party 6 - 34,837

7.00%

Others - - 24,303

5.00%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 101 seats in the Parliament (Riigikogu)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Arnold RUUTEL
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Siim KALLAS
  • Assembly: Estonia has a unicameral Parliament (Riigikogu) with 101 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by parliament to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is nominated by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Parliament (Riigikogu) 101 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** The are 12 multi-member constituencies with district magnitude ranging from 6 to 13 seats. There is a 5% threshold. Seats are allocated in three rounds. In the first round, seats are awarded to candidates who garner the same or more votes than the simple quota in their electoral districts. In the second round, seats are allocated in a traditional PR method. That is, party lists are awarded seats based on their share of the vote in the district, and candidates within the list receive seats in the order of how many preferential votes they received. In the third round of counting, all remaining mandates are distributed between the national candidate lists with at least 5% of the national vote.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Center Party (K)
    • Leader: Edgar SAVISAAR
    • Seats won in this election: 28
    • Seats won in last election: 28
  • Party: Res Publica (RP)
    • Leader: Juhan PARTS
    • Seats won in this election: 28
    • Seats won in last election: 0
  • Party: Reform Party (RE)
    • Leader: Siim KALLAS, Toomas SAVI, Valve KIRSIPUU
    • Seats won in this election: 19
    • Seats won in last election: 18
  • Party: People's Union (RL)
    • Leader: Villu REILJAN
    • Seats won in this election: 13
    • Seats won in last election: 6
  • Party: Pro Patria Union (I)
    • Leader: Mart LAAR, Tunne KELAM, Toivo JURGENSON
    • Seats won in this election: 7
    • Seats won in last election: 18
  • Party: United People's Party (EURP)
    • Leader: Viktor ANDREJEV, Jevgeni TOMBERG, Tiit TOOMSALU
    • Seats won in this election: 6
    • Seats won in last election: 6
  • Party: Others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

Last Parliamentary election:

  • The last parliamentary election in Estonia was held on March 7, 1999.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,370,720 (2003)
  • Registered Voters: 859,714 (2003)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 732,512 (2003)

·         Is Estonia a signatory to CEDAW: N/A

·         Has Estonia ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (21 October 1991)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 19 (following the 2003 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 30 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Estonia a signatory to CRPD: Yes (25 September 2007)

·         Has Estonia ratified CRPD: Yes (30 May 2012)

·         Population with a disability: 205,608 (est.)