ElectionGudie

July 27, 2002 Held

2,040,248
Voted
New Zealand

New Zealand

Election for New Zealand House of Representatives

Results

76%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,040,248
Valid Votes:2,031,617
Invalid Votes:8,631

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Labour Party 52 - 838,219

41.26%

National Party 27 - 425,310

20.93%

New Zealand First Party 27 - 210,912

10.38%

ACT New Zealand 9 - - 145,087

7.14%

Green Party of Aotearoa 9 - 142,250

7.00%

United Future New Zealand 8 - 135,918

6.69%

Others - - 99,388

4.89%

The Progressive Coalition Party 2 - 34,542

1.70%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 120 seats in the House of Representatives

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Helen Elizabeth CLARK
  • Assembly: New Zealand has a unicameral House of Representatives with 120 seats.

* Represented by Governor General Dame Silvia CARTWRIGHT (since 4 April 2001).
The monarchy is hereditary.

Description of electoral system:

  • The Queen is hereditary.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the governor-general.
  • In the House of Representatives, 69 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 3-year terms and 51 members are allocated through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 3-year terms.***

*** New Zealand has a mixed-member proportional system in which voters have two votes: a 'party vote' and an 'electorate vote'. Within this system, 69 members are elected by simple majority vote in single-member constituencies. The remaining 51 members of the House of Representative are elected from nationwide party lists, according to each party's share of all the party votes. All members serve 3-year terms.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Labour Party (NZLP)
    • Leader: Helen Elizabeth CLARK
    • Seats won in this election: 52
    • Seats won in last election: 49
  • Party: National Party (NP)
    • Leader: Bill ENGLISH
    • Seats won in this election: 27
    • Seats won in last election: 39
  • Party: New Zealand First Party (NZFP)
    • Leader: Winston PETERS
    • Seats won in this election: 27
    • Seats won in last election: 5
  • Party: ACT New Zealand
    • Leader: Richard PREBBLE
    • Seats won in this election: 9
    • Seats won in last election: 9
  • Party: Green Party of Aotearoa
    • Leader: Jeanette FITZSIMONS
    • Seats won in this election: 9
    • Seats won in last election: 7
  • Party: United Future New Zealand
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this election: 8
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: The Progressive Coalition Party*******
    • Leader: Jim ANDERTON
    • Seats won in this election: 2
    • Seats won in last election: N/A
  • Party: Others
    • Leader: N/A
    • Seats won in this election: 0
    • Seats won in last election: N/A

******* The Progressive Coalition Party split from the Alliance after the 1999 elections.

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held November 27, 1999.
    Seats decided in the last election: 120

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 3,948,500 (2002)
  • Registered Voters: 2,670,030 (2002)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,013,568 (2002)

·         Is New Zealand a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has New Zealand ratified CEDAW: Yes (10 January 1985)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 34 (following the 2002 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 9 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is New Zealand a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has New Zealand ratified CRPD: Yes (25 September 2008)

·         Population with a disability: 592,275 (est.)