ElectionGudie

March 21, 1999 Held

2,710,095
Voted
Finland

Republic of Finland

Election for Eduskunta (Finnish Parliament)

Results

65%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:2,710,095
Valid Votes:2,681,291
Invalid Votes:28,804

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Social Democratic Party of Finland 51 612,963

22.86%

Center Party of Finland 48 600,592

22.40%

National Coalition Party 46 563,835

21.03%

Left Wing Alliance 20 291,675

10.88%

Green League 11 194,846

7.27%

Other parties 3 168,215

6.27%

Swedish People's Party 11 137,330

5.12%

Christian Democratic Party of Finland 10 111,835

4.17%

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 200 seats in the Parliament (Eduskunta)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Martti AHTISAARI
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Paavo LIPPONEN
  • Assembly: Finland has a unicameral Parliament (Eduskunta) with 200 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament to serve a 4-year term.
  • In the Parliament (Eduskunta), 199 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 1 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms.***

*** There are 14 multi-member constituencies with anywhere from 6 to 33 seats. Seats are distributed among the individual parties, or alliances of several parties, in accordance with the d'Hondt method.

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: Social Democratic Party of Finland / (SDP)
    • Leader: Paavo LIPPONEN
    • Seats won in last election: 63
  • Party: Center Party of Finland / (KesK)
    • Leader: Esko AHO
    • Seats won in last election: 44
  • Party: National Coalition Party / (KOK)
    • Leader: Sauli NIINIST
    • Seats won in last election: 39
  • Swedish People's People / (RKP/SFP)
    • Seats won in last election: 11
  • Finish Christian Union / (SKL)
    • Seats won in last election: 7
  • Left Wing Alliance
    • Seats won in last election: 22
  • The Green Party
    • Seats won in last election: 9

Population and Registered Voters

  • Population: 5,165,474 (1999)
  • Registered voters: 4,152,430 (1999)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 2,645,727 (1999)

·         Is Finland a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (17 July 1980)

·         Has Finland ratified CEDAW: Yes (4 September 1986)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 74 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 24 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: N/A

Disability Data:

·         Is Finland a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has Finland ratified CRPD: Yes (11 May 2016)

·         Population with a disability: 774,821 (est.)