ElectionGudie

June 17, 2012 Confirmed

43,233,648
Registered to Vote
France

French Republic

Election for Sénat (French Senate)

More Info:

At stake in this election:

  • 577 seats in the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President François HOLLANDE
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean-Marc AYRAULT
  • Assembly: France has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement français) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 331 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 577 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 331 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 9-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) 577 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Electoral Colleges are 128 territorial constituencies (number of seats dependent on population) comprising the departments of metropolitan France, overseas departments and territories, territorial collectivities and French citizens residing abroad One third of the Senate is renewable every three years.

** A candidate is elected in the first round if he/she obtains an absolute majority of the total votes cast, provided this amount is equal to a quarter of the number of registered voters in the particular constituency. In order to be eligible for the second round, candidates must have obtained a number of votes equal to at least 12.5% of the total number of registered voters. However, if only one candidate fulfills this condition, the person who polls the second largest number of votes in the first ballot may also participate in the second at which, to be elected, a simple majority suffices

Main parties in the First Round of the electoral race:

  • Party: Union for a Popular Movement / Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP)
    Leader: Nicolas SARKOZY
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 313
  • Party: Socialist Party / Parti socialiste (PS)
    Leader: MARTINE AUBRY
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 186
  • Party: New Centre / Nouveau Centre (NC)
    Leader: Hervé MORIN
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 22
  • Party: National Front / Front National (FN)
    Leader: MARINE LE PEN
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Alliance: Europe - Ecology - The Greens / Europe - Écologie - Les verts
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 3
  • Party: Radical Party of the Left / Parti radical de gauche
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 6
  • Party: Radical Party / Parti radical
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 18
  • Party: Centrist Alliance / Alliance centriste
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Left Front / Front de gauche
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 18
  • Party: Centre for France / Le Centre pour la France
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 3
  • Independent(s): Regionalists
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Independent(s): Ecologists
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Independent(s): Other right
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 8
  • Independent(s): Other left
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Independent(s): Extreme right
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Party: Extreme left
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0
  • Independent(s): Other
    Leader: N/A
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 0

 

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 65,630,692 (July 2012 est.)
  • Registered Voters: 46,082,104 (May 2012 )